Model Questions for Modern India for Civils Prelims 2017


Carefully read the items and pick the most suitable option(s) given under each item. More than one option may be chosen against some of the items. 1/3 mark will be deducted for every wrong option from awarded marks. 

1. The Indian national movement can be described as an example of the following a. An extremely patient movement with gains and losses for public which could be felt after independence b. An extremely wide movement where public got control of British colonialism slowly and steadily c. A wider movement for existence of diverse political and ideological thoughts which fought one over the other to stake control d. both a and c e. both b and c

2. The Indian national movement launched right platform for a. Shaping up Indian defence b. Shaping up Indian relations with other nations c. Shaping up Indian agriculture d. Shaping up Indian industrial needs e. Shaping up Indian Public sector

3. From the context of Indian freedom struggle, who were conservatives? a. M.R.Jayakar b. Madan Mohan Malaviyar c. Tilak d. Raja Rammohun Roy e. both a and b

4. The Indian national movement was successful because a. British accepted their defeat b. India defeated Britain in the second world war c. Indian culture was so powerful and good that Britain went home for following Indian culture d. None of the above e. Option a may be partially true

5. Bipan Chandra, in his book Indian Struggle for Independence, thought that freedom struggle a. was not according to a scripture of Indian rishis on how to fight war b. was successful in influencing policy makers after 1947 c. unnecessarily motivated Congress to fight for political power after 1947 d. Indian caste system was reputed for bringing false notions of humanity e. None of the above

6. The Indian national movement is an example of a. how the existing constitutional set up can be used to achieve political freedom b. how a group of small provinces can rally around a cause to become a big coherent unit c. how foreign policy and economic ideology can be visualized d. how poor, middle class, rich, and extremists can communicate among themselves for social and political change e. All

7. Gandhian political strategy is relevant to a. impartial functioning of societies in which people follow rule of law for meeting their needs b. internal struggling of societies in which people wait patiently till right time strikes them to launch ideological wars c. fighting of societies in which people fight for food and shelter on equal basis d. channeling common ideological and political causes of societies in which people identify, seek, and empower others in general for bringing down foreign rulers by working within their rules of law e. All

8. Nationalists worked for a. freedom of the Press and civil liberties b. money from British c. development of railways and roads by British d. Nehru and Gandhi e. None of the above

9. Indian foreign policy was NOT meant to be a. racial b. imperial c. anti-racial d. anti-imperial e. Hindus versus Muslims before and after independence

10. Indian economy was NOT thought of having a. foreign capital b. raw capital c. private sector d. both a and b  e. none of the above

11. Indian economic planning was a part of a. Regulating Act, 1773 b. Indian rule during 1937-39 c. Pitts India Act, 1784 d. Government of India Act, 1892, and Bengal partition withdrawal in 1912 e. None

12. “British were too good to be thrown out”. Jawaharlal Nehru replied to the feeling generated by British in a. Gandhiji’s words of peace and harmony b. fear of prison and of secret service c. Gandhiji’s determining quiet words: Be not afraid d. British didn’t bath for days and so they must be thrown e. Historians, especially Nehru’s friends, asked India to completely be fooled around to gain intelligence.

13. Article 112 of the constitution of India, 1950, draws parallelism to a. Pitts India Act, 1784 b. Government of India Act, 1935 c. Government of India Act, 1909 d. both b and c e. None

14. India is a nation in the making was a concept of a. Vedas b. Puranas c. Romila Thapar d. Bipan Chandra e. None

15. India’s caste culture is to be accepted according to a. Raja Rammohun Roy and Ishwar Chandra Vidya Sagar b. Jawaharlal Nehru c. Mahatma Gandhi d. Narayana Guru e. Neither c nor d

16. Indians accepted reforms structure to follow a. Western culture b. Puranas c. benefits of Sati in curbing women population d. self-regulation, self-control, and knowledge without bias e. All

17. Who preached “One religion, one caste, one God for mankind”? a. Subhash Chandra Bose b. Adolf Hitler c. James Clerk Maxwell d. Sahadaran Ayyappan e. None

18. Defending indigenous culture during colonial rule occupied most of a. caste b. religion c. language d. art and philosophy e. c and d only

19. “Our position is not that truths are to be found in all religions, but all established religions of the world are true” was a statement of a. Bhagat Singh b. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel c. M.S. Golwalkar d. Jawaharlal Nehru e. Keshub Chandra Sen

20. Who emphasized secular use of religion? a. Ravindranath Tagore and M.S. Golwalkar b. V.D. Savarkar c. Bankim Chandra Chaterjee d. Swami Vivekananda e. both c and d

21. Which of the following is true in the context of freedom struggle? a. Raja Rammohun Roy founded Brahmo Samaj in 1928 b. Akshay Dutt founded Paramahansa Mandali, Prarthana Samaj, and Arya Samaj  c. Guru Nanak founded Kayasth Sabha and Sarin Sabha d. ONLY b, c, and d e. Indian National Congress was a religious organization

22. In the context of Hindu religious practices, Raja Rammohun Roy criticised a. scientific practices of Hindu religion in everything a person does because science and religion should not co-exist b. unscientific ways of day dreaming of puranas, some of which Roy didn’t like to dream c. healthy influence of priests on the minds of people because priests should make people afraid of their knowledge d. Monopoly of scriptural knowledge of priests and misinformation of rituals carried deceptive character e. All except d

Note: Aspirants are suggested to make use of Bipan Chandra and NCERTs on Modern India and the Constitution of India by Durga Das Basu; answer writing should incorporate some of terms mentioned there

Demonetization Move: Is it the smartest and the only way in a smartphone era?

Influence of money on politics in India – demonetization or note bandi

Come May 8, 2017, a little after the close of financial year 206-17, six months will have been completed for the buzzword ‘note bandi’; most classes, including industry and labour, will have been done and dusted with assessment of pros and cons of demonetization. By the time an Indian Premier League fan opens lunch carrier tucked inside backpack to refuel for the evening work where he will attend chit fund gatherings to save for expenses of kith and kin, it must occur to him that the time spent on euphoria generated from Prime Minister’s rather inebriated short pitched ball of announcement, which has so far not gone any significant distance with uneven bounce of planning and insufficient carry of reality check, both from points of view of audience beside sight screen (voters) waiting for any blitzkrieg (instant money, solutions for perennial problems) and commentators (intelligentsia who may not necessarily have played the game), thanks to lifeless wicket (social and print media which combinedly propagated the idea of demonetization as an incredible option to curb black money and to stop counterfeit currency on its tracks), is indeed yet another Achilles heel on his brave face.

What will have the fan do after returning home? Watch the Indian Premier League drawing parallelism of TV cricket and political cricket. Of course, when Prime Minister himself had to shift gears in redefining the very objectives of ‘note bandi’ amid reports that central bank was in constant know of the impending decision, the case of making the nation cashless or less cashed remains elusive leave alone making the nation corruption-free. The curious case that many fans of demonetization missed is that the government, with finance and revenue officials at its service and intelligence radars at its remote couldn’t locate black money holders in order to have official raids at the very same time the government had announced on November 8, 2016. Who stopped the government from collecting data and striking the corrupt without disturbing the system in place is still unanswered. And why the higher denomination of 2000 when all you needed a cashless or less-cash economy is not answered for it to stand firm against scientific scrutiny of rationale of whole exercise.

The recent success of ruling party in Uttar Pradesh has little to do with discussion of black money although it appeared to have minor blow for the party’s prospects in western parts. So, has the demonetization failed? If it has, to what extent can the damage caused be resuscitated? If it has not, to what extent was the restructure successful? Okay, let’s assume the success of demonetization. From the words of announcement made by none other than Prime Minister, shocking withdrawal of legal tender was necessary for the government to keep in check fake currency printed for non-state functionaries like separatist groups and militants across Line of Actual Control. The second objective envisaged was to check growing menace of unaccounted money. Some rules put in place backfired after which the RBI and the finance ministry had to retreat or in the words of BJP’s sympathisers application of butter was necessary even for a diabetes patient on aching heel for temporary relief so long as he should not eat it. Hefty claims of remonetisation and subsequent suspicious activity in many Jan Dhan accounts surfaced but the tax authorities are still on the way to make any claims whatsoever that appease ordinary citizens.

Imagine there’s a life healing club (government) and there’re its customers (voters; if citizens are not voters, what are they indeed for a political party?) waiting outside to get their services attended, and while they remain in mammoth queues with friendly ignorance duly assisted by irrational phenomena of problem identifying leave alone solving, the healing club which covers with impeccable art of spoofing their needs comes up with a master plan. Cancel their subscriptions and ask them to get medical and financial certificates afresh. They know they can’t heal every ailment, or by percentage of one desperate need of a man. So, what does an intelligent merchant do to save his face when customers approach him?

Fiction assumes great significance for most of the time in India. We don’t need to ask if it’s pastime or productive time. And it works in a family feud, a game of cricket, inside a family kitchen, in a corporate fairy tale of board room, and last but not the least, in a political map to drive citizens toward delusion. Fabrication of myths as realities and money thrust are part of game rule characteristics in Indian political scenario.

The harsh reality is that citizens have become voters based on caste, religion, besides being reduced to be classified as rural and urban classes based on ephemeral patterns of lifestyle. While in the above example, a customer is entitled to have luxury of staging a protest if not return of money and time, in the latter case, a citizen is reduced to become a class of voter duly affixed by state who cannot cough because ‘good day’ syrup may knock at any instant, a sane moment.

Money as medium of exchange to buy and sell goods and to avail services has taken shape of what it is today from barter system, wherein a person in possession of something used it to acquire something that he needed the most from other person who had it as second priority.

Trivia: In the period from 1948 to 1950, our legal exponents of welfare state and nation-state (an upgraded version coined after Greeks disposed of their famous city-state model of administration in which Socrates supported slavery as a facilitator for better means of dialogue amongst elite and middle class societal sections) had envisaged that whatever struggle – physical and psychological – the masses had undergone actually translates into hard work for better industrial growth and reduce lacunae of resources. So, they had adopted elections once after every five years as the fairest possible method and option for electing own representatives for they would engage themselves on research on anthropological and advanced forms of technology and form necessary legislations. The media in those days, largely of government, had little role to expose variety of hidden political agendas – of leftists and rightists. It was only after 1991 under PV Narasimha Rao’s stewardship, did the media assume larger role for growth-seeking Indian elite classes.

Trends changed in the way India elects its government and leadership. BJP started its infamous “India Shining” and “India on the Move” in 2004 and middle class rejected it outright. The major player Congress too started its bandwagon of adverts claiming itself to be the growth engine, and now, it appears in 2017 that with the kind and quantum of support Mr. Modi is seeking from corporate media houses by and large who show little introspection for whatever growth that has taken place in Gujarat and little respect for how 25 plus Indian member states do not share commonality with the largely rich inundated Gujarat populace, the reality has made way for hype and lesser factualism. Had this been envisaged long ago by our eminent theorists of socialism and science, the model of electioneering guaranteed under Articles 324 and 325 would have been different.

It’s not that people who vote for them aren’t aware of this phenomenon – invest first and plunder later on – but sheer reality of their backwardness and ineligibility as pictured by self-claimed stewards of democracy in the name of fourth estate is what hovers hapless voters.

Happy New Year 2017!

New year has yet again come to take us through nuances of the nature with its spellbinding ability to create artefacts engaging our intrinsic motivations like before and our creative brain is set for a scintillating display of extravagance to make this place even better!

Samsung delivery delight flipkart Vizag

Samsung delivery delight flipkart Vizag is value addition to customers in Amazon or Flipkart

Happy and productive New Year to all the readers of ScoopLense@Innovation

Ascending information from world class reference books for all competitive examinations!

Ascending information from world class reference books for all competitive examinations!

Vanheusen Sport Blue Polo

New Year Day, Vanheusen Sport Blue Polo can serve our purpose of looking good!

Life may not yield what we expect sometimes if we are not careful!

Life may not yield what we expect sometimes if we are not careful!

We talked in this post briefly the previous New Year’s Day about life and many issues/problems/challenges as also opportunities



/occasions it poses/brings in comparison to addition/multiplication that we do in regular mathematical operations.

India and Newzealand cricket schedule announced CC: Vizag, Indore, Kolkata, Mohali, Dharamshala, Kanpur, Ranchi, and Delhi

A tweet from Indian head coach Anil Kumble reveals that final and fifth one day international will be played at Dr. YSR ACA-VDCA International Cricket Stadium on October 29. Visakhapatnam is set to host England in a test match later this year and dates are yet to be finalized and if unconfirmed guesses are to be believed, the venue might become the first to host pink ball test under lights!

What has environment taught us the incredible humans? CC: Industry Inc.

The world environment day on 5th June marked yet another day for the global buzzword environment to attract headlines and become the darling hashtag on social media platforms; industry spoke more on the subject than the lesser harmful street vendors and public in general. UNEP, the environment programme of the United Nations, dedicated this year to put an onus on minimizing illegal trade of wildlife while emphasizing on key areas of improvement, such as, maintenance of balance and harmony in ecological biodiversity and voluntary regulating checks on carbon emissions.

Brahmotsavam 2016 is for RAO RAMESH! CC: Mahesh Babu fans and Kajal fan base

Brahmotsavam 2016 review


Brahmotsavam, the annual celestial festival organised to worship Lord Sri Venkateswara Swamy on the hill top Tirumala during September and October is a well attended event and occupies a sacred space in any Hindu individual’s calendar.  Sreekanth Addala surprised many by opting to go with the sacred name for a movie though common sense would instruct us to look at any movie as it is supposed to be viewed. Tollywood responded positively when Venkatesh Daagubati and Mahesh Babu Ghattamaneni played out as brothers when they set themselves up to an eye-opener in a meaningful dialogue from their father Prakash Raj with the movie introducing greenery of Godavari paddy fields and a series of regulation dialogues inside a family environment.

Sreekanth Addala "an exciting day on the cards"is not new to experimenting with fluctuations in individuals and their emotions which introduce them as either introverts or extroverts before others. His themes are always classic navigators to making individuals happier than they already were. The recipes from his story kitchen so far received applause from both family and youthful audience as he went on to create a niche for himself starting with Kotta Bangaru Lokam in 2008.  His left shoulder is the USP which made a grand entry with meaningful dialogues decked up at vantage points in story narration with little action on screen. His right shoulder rests on keyboard of Mickey J Meyer without having to worry as the latter is known for his class which can enthral mass on a regular basis.  Mukunda took many by surprise for the cinema lover actually needed to gauge love, politics, and sentiment from purely philosophy of human nature wherein Rao Ramesh played in fact the role of hero!

Now Brahmotsavam starring Mahesh Babu and Kajal-Samantha duo is being screened in not less than 1500 screens in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana jointly. The movie speaks of nothing more than happiness spread across a turf of blood relations and endeavouring joy. The story asks for restoring a sense of belonging among differently and vastly performing actors on life stage. Imagine a life canvass where artists simply walk and paint their themes. In simple sense, the director walked away from spreading infinite happy moments the world over, which he successfully established in Seethamma Vaakitlo Sirimalle Chettu (SVSC) with Mahesh Babu and Samantha in lead pair, to a well defined set of relations with a chain of blood groups!

How the director wanted:

Director’s movie is what we can comprehend from the story lines, without giving in to stardom of Mahesh Babu and, we need to appreciate the bold undertaking from the charming hero of Tollywood after NTR in his peak years before storming Andhra Pradesh assembly. Sreekanth Addala didn’t seem he was interested in making audience sit for casual mix up of melo drama and rather familiar family stories which owe a lot to mother of family blockbuster movies, “the” Kalisundaam Raa in 2000. Movie starts off with a marriage function and token introduction of characters with Rao Ramesh making silent entry spitting venom on his brother-in-law Satyaraj. His nitpicking attitude is more of personal craving for fame and earning resources and less of attitudinal malaise with his brother-in-law and father of screen leader the hero. How they get separated on this point and how the hero walks the talk while ensuring other characters get a taste of life forms the core whereas how two lead actresses claim to offer and understand nitty-gritty of life to hero adds up much needed spice to youthful audience.

How the movie goes on screens:

It’s all talk and no action, simply speaking. Audience have always wanted to see more of action and that villain getting beaten up by the hero forms chassis of their liking and rating the movie. Philosophy of Jeremy Bentham which dwells on happiness distribution doesn’t cut ice with real life tenacities even for those charming UPSC All India Rankers who toil hard to make it big.  On such a level of practical volatility, it’s unwise on the part of Sreekanth Addala to send the message across to his audience who may have come spending hours in transit on bus or bike in this scorching heat wave. Any book lover of the genre of Robin Sharma and Mark Twain’s class of fun and fiction may try to up his/her antennas for speedy transmission from the onscreen performance and dialogues.  It’s the problem of mass audience who loved to see Mahesh running back and forth with occasional romance safely tucked inside an action series.  The movie sports hero and his father trying to uplift emotional lacunae of other relations who aren’t seen that regularly.

Ohh, girls of this generation of financial inclusion and exclusion and gender-sensitization:

Movie has all the ingredients to make 21st century girls fall for as the director calls the shots by portraying Kajal Aggarwal in a shirt of individuality and a trouser of academic sense often tossing up a blend of legging and frock of gender-sensitivity!

Dance of Mahesh Babu in Baalatripuramani evokes a funny and satirical grin from audience but if one looks at it carefully it is not that easier to enact without smiling on the screen!

India and Summer: Prevention is better than cure CC: Heat stroke and Dehydration

March 2016 had given us the hint of extent of summer and April confirmed how rattling heat wave can be. As it is near impossible to avoid direct sun light for many of us, working men and women, we can avoid major heat wave attacks with smart steps.

Air conditioner from IFB with R410 refrigerant!

Air conditioner from IFB with R410 refrigerant!


  • Air conditioners have become a necessity these days with growing menace of heat. Use air conditioners optimally so that you will not have to worry about external heat conditions and internal air conditions as you move back and forth. While you can start the AC with 21 degree Celsius initially you can always raise it to 25 in a span of 15 minutes and to 27 in an hour before settling the air after dehumidification at 29 degree Celsius. Places like Madhya Pradesh, Tamilnadu, coastal Andhra Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh have seen rise in temperatures, so be smart enough to keep your surrounds extra cool.
  • Coconut water, salt filled lemon water, and butter milk are the combination to watch out for; avoid soft drinks and ice cool milk shakes. If hard pressed for taste, Glucose is available with orange flavour.
  • More fruits, more leafy vegetables, more water; less meat, less junk food, less juices with artificial flavours.
  • Have good number of protein reserves to battle it out, especially add boiled eggs and fish with dal.

Happy Birthday, dear Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar! CC: Raina, Rohit, Kohli generation

ScoopLense wishes the Indian batting premier Sachin Tendulkar, a name that resonated back and forth for nearly quarter of a century in India, on his 44th birthday (born on 24 April in 1973)! Words and phrases run short, and if attempted, they might as well clear the fence of basic comprehension, typified as common sense.

Here is an article, written not too long ago, with a sharp adjustment of views to readjust certain unhelpful criticism on Maestro’s batting contribution to Indian cricket. The post was written with an aim to classify shortcomings and rearrange them in the most unpopular theory that Tendulkar’s centuries yielded only in losses for his team.

And there is another such, albeit less in intensity of defending Sachin against irrational arguments which didn’t seek his professional advancement but to marginalize euphoria and admiration of his growing fan base!

Excerpts from second post:

Before I explain you the comparison of an ODI knock prospect of World cup league game and a fourth innings fruitful knock between two batsmen rated ahead of peers, I would like you to draw your attention to the following.

  • Australia and West Indies at Barbados, March 1999 – Result West Indies beat Australia by 1 wkt.

Brian Lara inspired with SR of 59.76 in 355 minutes

   to post a win on the fastest windies wkt. against

 MCGRATH, GILLESPEI, AND WARNE with WI facing 120.1 overs for 311/9 in day and a half.

  • India and Pakistan at Chennai, January 1999 – Result India lost to Pakistan by 12 runs.

SR Tendulkar inspired with SR of 49.81 in 405 minutes 

   to take his side closer to win on a turner against

AKRAM, WAQAR, AND SAQLAIN with IND facing 95.2 overs for 258 all out in > a day.

“Sourav Ganguly won an important toss and decided to bat on a track that was quite similar to the one we had at The Wanderers where Aussies crushed Pakistan’s world class bowling line-up days ago. The conditions were as good as those on offer to every visitor in Brisbane, that if you just play average, it could be your game. Good rotation of strike, build up of partnerships, and good wicket-taking deliveries.”

“And when you play against Australia that was in the shape, thanks to the heritage of Steve Waugh’s attacking mindset, you need to catch a few notches just in case. You definitely need to be an aggressive unit because you wouldn’t know when they talk down and when they do it they go to any extent, but that’s only on the field. Off the field, they are as better as anyone, probably offer you little comfort with words.”

“Sachin at the non-striking end had to choose between the two ends; either attack Aussies and force them to commit mistakes and plunder some useful runs as it became evident he wasn’t going to get support, or, at the most see off overs and stay till the end of over quota. Things became clear to many of us back home that it was an off day for us. It was an upset for me, came out of TV room, visibly destroyed, and even the sight of my favourite batsman occupying the crease didn’t give any confidence. I felt cheated by other batsmen who didn’t do enough. They needed to play full fifty overs and set a modest target to see if their bowlers would make it happen. Though my mother didn’t seem to understand what I said mostly during the advertisements, in short, she asked if India was on course. “Yes”, I said. “They would be returning soon”.”

The win against Aussies at Centurion even by default was necessary because,

a. India then would have moved on to top Group A, assuming that we would prevail against Pakistan, England, and Zimbabwe, to meet South Africa and West Indies from Group B in the S6. India would have made it easy to the Semis even without a solid performance.

b. Australia was the only unit which could make things tough for an Indian batting line up, besides the mighty South Africans who didn’t make it to S6, thanks to poor arithmetic in the rain tormented game against Lanka after Graeme Smith’s counter attack in the night.

c. Had India given them tough contest at Centurion in the group stage, it would have been in a position to meet eye to eye, at Newlands(March 18) or Kingsmead(March 20) or Jo’burg(March 23).

d. Wanderers was supposed to cater to seam bowlers and with McGrath, Lee, and Andy Bichel, Australia was the complete pack to run through the opposition; it had the fielding standards, it had the belief that it can outsmart anyone. This was what Sourav and his men were short of. Why?

In the final encounter, India caved in meekly because its batsmen were short of confidence, as they had non-negotiated mental blocks of repeat of Centurion and its fallout .They had not wiped out poignant memories of humiliation at the hands of same opposition in the league stage on an eventful track with some assistance to bowlers.  That was the real reason why Sourav decided to field on March 23, exactly 45 days after his batsmen were decimated. He didn’t have the confidence levels of a World Cup winning team captain. He was no Kapil, no Imran, no Steve Waugh, not even Arjuna Ranatunga, who used most of power play batting tactics, employed first by Sachin against Dion Nash, Morrison, Cairns, and Harris back in 1994.

India had best batters, but when their bowlers couldn’t restrict them to under 260, they knew facing lanky pace men was going to be real test, that too in a World Cup final.

Disclaimer: The original posts on Single Magnetic Pole ( contained images drawn from ESPNCRICINFO which are copyright material. The repost here is meant to put forth solid argument, via content, and not in anyway a breach of copyright of images. The credit for all images related to cricket on Single Magnetic Pole blog is with ESPNCRICINFO.