Animal Farm by George Orwell: Nothing gets better than a pig, you human, of course!

George Orwell’s Animal Farm(1945) deals with power struggle among animals. Animals confront among themselves with Soviet and German mindsets for starting their own farm. Animal Farm portends an important picture of socialism, one of the elusive forms of human idealism which dictates electioneering debates of even today’s scientifically advanced age. As a matter of fact, socialistic patterns of thoughts form core of almost all human political outfits and, the way George Orwell takes potshot at human political outfits, which necessitated fundamental equality the road to power and made it a mirage thereafter, is beyond measure. George Orwell opines he tried to fuse political and artistic purpose into one whole in this novel.

                Symbolism/Interpretation and Character analysis of Animal Farm

Name and Nature



Farm buildings

Residence of Stalin, Kremlin

For sightseeing tours, earlier.


Represents Russian industry

Built by the working class


Poetic Pig

Writes National Anthems


Represents England

Imperialist, later US’ friend

Pinch field

Represents Germany

Scientifically developed nation

Destruction of the Windmill

Failure of Five-Year Plan

Failure to stick to plans


Soviet Union Leader STALIN

Socialist turned tyrant

Old Major

Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin


Leon Trotsky


Alexey Stakhanov

Hard worker without brain


Pravda /Goebbels Newspaper

Media for hiding truth


Represents Adolf Hitler

Secret Deals, arrangements


Capitalist governments of UK

Capitalism destroys economies



Business with Soviet


Former Owner of Farmhouse

Lived in luxury, dictator



ART OF WICKET KEEPING: An ordeal by Ramachandra Guha



Ramachandra Guha


(Common for all questions)

Focus and focus so that he doesn’t miss a run out, a catch, a stumping chance; he needs to master swear words not contained in Oxford’s dictionary to talk down opposition batsmen; score runs at will in One-Days; encourage his bowlers; must not be disturbed by chances of winning/losing game, cheer team mates when crowds make noise in populous cities like Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Sydney, or Mumbai

Who is a wicket keeper from Ramachandra Guha’s words?

He is a person having

  1. concentration of a heart surgeon;
  2. reflexes of a fighter pilot; guts of a boxer
  3. physical stamina to do three hundred uttakh-bhaitakhs from knee-bending position in ODIs
  4. run 100 meters in less than 11 seconds
  5. score quickly, some 33 runs in 10 balls or so; so, it’s easy to be prime minister of a coalition government than it’s to become wicket keeper of Indian team

Talk down opposition (criticize and tease batsmen to disturb their concentration-Australians’ technique of sledging); Rodney Marsh was a master wicket keeper-he held word record of catching an egg without breaking it mid-way off the bowling of Dennis Lillee; Ian Healy, Kiran More, Syed Kirmani, and Moin Khan redefined ‘art of wicket keeping’. Indian audience got used to judge and condemn but he must not let that suppress his performance


Single Question on The Gold Frame – Paragraphs 2,3,4,5,6,8,9

Question on Character of Datta – Paragraphs 2,3,4,6,8,10

Question on Character of Customer – Paragraphs 2,5,6,9,10

Question on work of R.K. Laxman – Paragraphs 1,2,3,4,5,10

1 The title of the essay THE GOLD FRAME is apt as it makes fun of highly opinionated middle class stuck in the medley of status. What faith gets better than faith embossed with gold? This is the theme of the present story written by R.K.Laxman, who was sibling of R.K.Narayan, a talisman of his kind in Indian short stories.

2 THE GOLD FRAME is an essay written by R.K. Laxman. Like in many of his witty novels, R.K. Laxman uses his flair for commentary here as well for visualizing emotions of an ordinary photo frame maker Datta and a customer. Datta turns catastrophic moment into moment of triumph with sheer presence of mind. The essay deals with the way (manner in which) average minds of Indian middle class treat among themselves. As with the title, the Noun ‘’Gold’’ is apt because many middle-class households consider the yellow metal prestigious. Until the day of reckoning turns up, readers get a hint of a win-win situation for both Datta and the customer, but with foolishness of customer Datta holds his nerve for the last laugh. The story is an eye-opener in a sense as people can easily get flummoxed in their pursuit of looking affluent.

3 The story opens up with the unveiling of the character of Datta, owner of The Modern Frameworks, which is an extra-large wooden packing case. Datta is a silent and a hardworking man who gives laconic answers even to the desirous few.  He immerses himself so deep in work that he doesn’t have sparing time to orderly arrange scattered pieces of cardboard, glue bottles, glass, to name a few, all lying in his vicinity. In such a medley, created by Datta himself, he often loses sight of pencil stub for making marks on card board. Understandably, he searches everywhere around him before shaking his dhoti in the hunt for pencil stub. This, in the words of R.K. Laxman, is the ultimate operation that often shakes the entire shop setting photo frames on walls in motion.

4 Workmanship of Datta as portrayed by R.K. Laxman offers sarcasm, and provides us with a hint where we can relate to Datta in our day-to-day lives; unfurling of dhoti in search of a lost object is a classic example. Description of various photo frames, of Gods, sages, hockey players, all waiting for Datta’s attention is yet another that cuts ice with commoners. His workaholic mind costs him peace of mind as his customer is hell bent on getting a resplendent oval cut mount frame imported from Germany for seventeen rupees.

5 Attitude of the customer as portrayed by R.K. Laxman offers us fun, especially his behaviour to sound like an affluent man. His redundant slip of tongue as seen from his explicit use of language bordering show off takes Datta by surprise, but he silently goes on doing his work. Visibly upset with Datta for not giving him attention, he tries to cut loose by suspecting The Modern Frameworks’ quality. As Datta decides to unleash the variety of materials and types of frames, he gets baffled at the variety and quality of Datta’s shop. He tries to hide his ignorance by repeatedly uttering the superlative ‘’I want the best’’ without deciding on the material and type of frame. Datta then comes to rescue by laying a trap to the confused customer with the most accepted adjective to Indian middle class ‘’imported’’!

6 The story turns when the customer surprises Datta with a visit to check whether the frame work has been finished. Not knowing how to respond, Datta keeps himself silent and decides to proceed with the order the following day. As usual, he manages to miss his pencil stub and shakes his dhoti apparently misled by false shapes that he mistook for pencil. His usual ultimate operation shakes white enamel paint which lands straight on the face of photograph. Datta unintentionally tries to rub it off only to make the turban on old man’s face a complete mess. R.K. Laxman uses adjective ‘’mutilated’’ as if to mean Datta is on a mission to attack the ‘’sacred’’ photograph brought by the customer!

7 Not knowing how to rescue himself and his shop, Datta offers prayers to seemingly helpful Gods on the walls, who are already awaiting Datta’s timely intervention with respect to their positions on walls.

8 After a series of thoughts of nightmarish consequences, Datta takes the risk no photo frame maker ever took in a bid to mitigate damage. He finds a near-suitable photograph as a substitute, lying as food to cockroaches and silver fish in a box containing a pile of unused photographs. He completes the work well on time to make the frame look like the old man’s, but he is unclear of customer’s judgement of the inadvertent error.

9 The customer reaches Datta’s shop in anticipation of his selected photo frame. Predictably, he doesn’t know of Datta’s manipulation. Datta takes maximum time to reveal the glittering frame work. The customer initially seems visibly pleased at the work of Datta, but as he takes his time analysing the frame work he realizes the shape he liked has been replaced with a square. The customer is so foolish that he doesn’t recognize the photo itself has been substituted.

10 Thus, R.K. Laxman leaves no stone unturned in his pursuit of delivering maximum fun with glittering vocabulary in THE GOLD FRAME. At one end, the author stresses on the need for cultivating common sense while showing respect towards elders. At the other end, the author stresses on the need for taking calculated risks when everything seems to be falling apart.

Model Questions for Modern India for Civils Prelims 2017


Carefully read the items and pick the most suitable option(s) given under each item. More than one option may be chosen against some of the items. 1/3 mark will be deducted for every wrong option from awarded marks. 

1. The Indian national movement can be described as an example of the following a. An extremely patient movement with gains and losses for public which could be felt after independence b. An extremely wide movement where public got control of British colonialism slowly and steadily c. A wider movement for existence of diverse political and ideological thoughts which fought one over the other to stake control d. both a and c e. both b and c

2. The Indian national movement launched right platform for a. Shaping up Indian defence b. Shaping up Indian relations with other nations c. Shaping up Indian agriculture d. Shaping up Indian industrial needs e. Shaping up Indian Public sector

3. From the context of Indian freedom struggle, who were conservatives? a. M.R.Jayakar b. Madan Mohan Malaviyar c. Tilak d. Raja Rammohun Roy e. both a and b

4. The Indian national movement was successful because a. British accepted their defeat b. India defeated Britain in the second world war c. Indian culture was so powerful and good that Britain went home for following Indian culture d. None of the above e. Option a may be partially true

5. Bipan Chandra, in his book Indian Struggle for Independence, thought that freedom struggle a. was not according to a scripture of Indian rishis on how to fight war b. was successful in influencing policy makers after 1947 c. unnecessarily motivated Congress to fight for political power after 1947 d. Indian caste system was reputed for bringing false notions of humanity e. None of the above

6. The Indian national movement is an example of a. how the existing constitutional set up can be used to achieve political freedom b. how a group of small provinces can rally around a cause to become a big coherent unit c. how foreign policy and economic ideology can be visualized d. how poor, middle class, rich, and extremists can communicate among themselves for social and political change e. All

7. Gandhian political strategy is relevant to a. impartial functioning of societies in which people follow rule of law for meeting their needs b. internal struggling of societies in which people wait patiently till right time strikes them to launch ideological wars c. fighting of societies in which people fight for food and shelter on equal basis d. channeling common ideological and political causes of societies in which people identify, seek, and empower others in general for bringing down foreign rulers by working within their rules of law e. All

8. Nationalists worked for a. freedom of the Press and civil liberties b. money from British c. development of railways and roads by British d. Nehru and Gandhi e. None of the above

9. Indian foreign policy was NOT meant to be a. racial b. imperial c. anti-racial d. anti-imperial e. Hindus versus Muslims before and after independence

10. Indian economy was NOT thought of having a. foreign capital b. raw capital c. private sector d. both a and b  e. none of the above

11. Indian economic planning was a part of a. Regulating Act, 1773 b. Indian rule during 1937-39 c. Pitts India Act, 1784 d. Government of India Act, 1892, and Bengal partition withdrawal in 1912 e. None

12. “British were too good to be thrown out”. Jawaharlal Nehru replied to the feeling generated by British in a. Gandhiji’s words of peace and harmony b. fear of prison and of secret service c. Gandhiji’s determining quiet words: Be not afraid d. British didn’t bath for days and so they must be thrown e. Historians, especially Nehru’s friends, asked India to completely be fooled around to gain intelligence.

13. Article 112 of the constitution of India, 1950, draws parallelism to a. Pitts India Act, 1784 b. Government of India Act, 1935 c. Government of India Act, 1909 d. both b and c e. None

14. India is a nation in the making was a concept of a. Vedas b. Puranas c. Romila Thapar d. Bipan Chandra e. None

15. India’s caste culture is to be accepted according to a. Raja Rammohun Roy and Ishwar Chandra Vidya Sagar b. Jawaharlal Nehru c. Mahatma Gandhi d. Narayana Guru e. Neither c nor d

16. Indians accepted reforms structure to follow a. Western culture b. Puranas c. benefits of Sati in curbing women population d. self-regulation, self-control, and knowledge without bias e. All

17. Who preached “One religion, one caste, one God for mankind”? a. Subhash Chandra Bose b. Adolf Hitler c. James Clerk Maxwell d. Sahadaran Ayyappan e. None

18. Defending indigenous culture during colonial rule occupied most of a. caste b. religion c. language d. art and philosophy e. c and d only

19. “Our position is not that truths are to be found in all religions, but all established religions of the world are true” was a statement of a. Bhagat Singh b. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel c. M.S. Golwalkar d. Jawaharlal Nehru e. Keshub Chandra Sen

20. Who emphasized secular use of religion? a. Ravindranath Tagore and M.S. Golwalkar b. V.D. Savarkar c. Bankim Chandra Chaterjee d. Swami Vivekananda e. both c and d

21. Which of the following is true in the context of freedom struggle? a. Raja Rammohun Roy founded Brahmo Samaj in 1928 b. Akshay Dutt founded Paramahansa Mandali, Prarthana Samaj, and Arya Samaj  c. Guru Nanak founded Kayasth Sabha and Sarin Sabha d. ONLY b, c, and d e. Indian National Congress was a religious organization

22. In the context of Hindu religious practices, Raja Rammohun Roy criticised a. scientific practices of Hindu religion in everything a person does because science and religion should not co-exist b. unscientific ways of day dreaming of puranas, some of which Roy didn’t like to dream c. healthy influence of priests on the minds of people because priests should make people afraid of their knowledge d. Monopoly of scriptural knowledge of priests and misinformation of rituals carried deceptive character e. All except d

Note: Aspirants are suggested to make use of Bipan Chandra and NCERTs on Modern India and the Constitution of India by Durga Das Basu; answer writing should incorporate some of terms mentioned there

Demonetization Move: Is it the smartest and the only way in a smartphone era?

Influence of money on politics in India – demonetization or note bandi

Come May 8, 2017, a little after the close of financial year 206-17, six months will have been completed for the buzzword ‘note bandi’; most classes, including industry and labour, will have been done and dusted with assessment of pros and cons of demonetization. By the time an Indian Premier League fan opens lunch carrier tucked inside backpack to refuel for the evening work where he will attend chit fund gatherings to save for expenses of kith and kin, it must occur to him that the time spent on euphoria generated from Prime Minister’s rather inebriated short pitched ball of announcement, which has so far not gone any significant distance with uneven bounce of planning and insufficient carry of reality check, both from points of view of audience beside sight screen (voters) waiting for any blitzkrieg (instant money, solutions for perennial problems) and commentators (intelligentsia who may not necessarily have played the game), thanks to lifeless wicket (social and print media which combinedly propagated the idea of demonetization as an incredible option to curb black money and to stop counterfeit currency on its tracks), is indeed yet another Achilles heel on his brave face.

What will have the fan do after returning home? Watch the Indian Premier League drawing parallelism of TV cricket and political cricket. Of course, when Prime Minister himself had to shift gears in redefining the very objectives of ‘note bandi’ amid reports that central bank was in constant know of the impending decision, the case of making the nation cashless or less cashed remains elusive leave alone making the nation corruption-free. The curious case that many fans of demonetization missed is that the government, with finance and revenue officials at its service and intelligence radars at its remote couldn’t locate black money holders in order to have official raids at the very same time the government had announced on November 8, 2016. Who stopped the government from collecting data and striking the corrupt without disturbing the system in place is still unanswered. And why the higher denomination of 2000 when all you needed a cashless or less-cash economy is not answered for it to stand firm against scientific scrutiny of rationale of whole exercise.

The recent success of ruling party in Uttar Pradesh has little to do with discussion of black money although it appeared to have minor blow for the party’s prospects in western parts. So, has the demonetization failed? If it has, to what extent can the damage caused be resuscitated? If it has not, to what extent was the restructure successful? Okay, let’s assume the success of demonetization. From the words of announcement made by none other than Prime Minister, shocking withdrawal of legal tender was necessary for the government to keep in check fake currency printed for non-state functionaries like separatist groups and militants across Line of Actual Control. The second objective envisaged was to check growing menace of unaccounted money. Some rules put in place backfired after which the RBI and the finance ministry had to retreat or in the words of BJP’s sympathisers application of butter was necessary even for a diabetes patient on aching heel for temporary relief so long as he should not eat it. Hefty claims of remonetisation and subsequent suspicious activity in many Jan Dhan accounts surfaced but the tax authorities are still on the way to make any claims whatsoever that appease ordinary citizens.

Imagine there’s a life healing club (government) and there’re its customers (voters; if citizens are not voters, what are they indeed for a political party?) waiting outside to get their services attended, and while they remain in mammoth queues with friendly ignorance duly assisted by irrational phenomena of problem identifying leave alone solving, the healing club which covers with impeccable art of spoofing their needs comes up with a master plan. Cancel their subscriptions and ask them to get medical and financial certificates afresh. They know they can’t heal every ailment, or by percentage of one desperate need of a man. So, what does an intelligent merchant do to save his face when customers approach him?

Fiction assumes great significance for most of the time in India. We don’t need to ask if it’s pastime or productive time. And it works in a family feud, a game of cricket, inside a family kitchen, in a corporate fairy tale of board room, and last but not the least, in a political map to drive citizens toward delusion. Fabrication of myths as realities and money thrust are part of game rule characteristics in Indian political scenario.

The harsh reality is that citizens have become voters based on caste, religion, besides being reduced to be classified as rural and urban classes based on ephemeral patterns of lifestyle. While in the above example, a customer is entitled to have luxury of staging a protest if not return of money and time, in the latter case, a citizen is reduced to become a class of voter duly affixed by state who cannot cough because ‘good day’ syrup may knock at any instant, a sane moment.

Money as medium of exchange to buy and sell goods and to avail services has taken shape of what it is today from barter system, wherein a person in possession of something used it to acquire something that he needed the most from other person who had it as second priority.

Trivia: In the period from 1948 to 1950, our legal exponents of welfare state and nation-state (an upgraded version coined after Greeks disposed of their famous city-state model of administration in which Socrates supported slavery as a facilitator for better means of dialogue amongst elite and middle class societal sections) had envisaged that whatever struggle – physical and psychological – the masses had undergone actually translates into hard work for better industrial growth and reduce lacunae of resources. So, they had adopted elections once after every five years as the fairest possible method and option for electing own representatives for they would engage themselves on research on anthropological and advanced forms of technology and form necessary legislations. The media in those days, largely of government, had little role to expose variety of hidden political agendas – of leftists and rightists. It was only after 1991 under PV Narasimha Rao’s stewardship, did the media assume larger role for growth-seeking Indian elite classes.

Trends changed in the way India elects its government and leadership. BJP started its infamous “India Shining” and “India on the Move” in 2004 and middle class rejected it outright. The major player Congress too started its bandwagon of adverts claiming itself to be the growth engine, and now, it appears in 2017 that with the kind and quantum of support Mr. Modi is seeking from corporate media houses by and large who show little introspection for whatever growth that has taken place in Gujarat and little respect for how 25 plus Indian member states do not share commonality with the largely rich inundated Gujarat populace, the reality has made way for hype and lesser factualism. Had this been envisaged long ago by our eminent theorists of socialism and science, the model of electioneering guaranteed under Articles 324 and 325 would have been different.

It’s not that people who vote for them aren’t aware of this phenomenon – invest first and plunder later on – but sheer reality of their backwardness and ineligibility as pictured by self-claimed stewards of democracy in the name of fourth estate is what hovers hapless voters.

Happy New Year 2017!

New year has yet again come to take us through nuances of the nature with its spellbinding ability to create artefacts engaging our intrinsic motivations like before and our creative brain is set for a scintillating display of extravagance to make this place even better!

Samsung delivery delight flipkart Vizag

Samsung delivery delight flipkart Vizag is value addition to customers in Amazon or Flipkart

Happy and productive New Year to all the readers of ScoopLense@Innovation

Ascending information from world class reference books for all competitive examinations!

Ascending information from world class reference books for all competitive examinations!

Vanheusen Sport Blue Polo

New Year Day, Vanheusen Sport Blue Polo can serve our purpose of looking good!

Life may not yield what we expect sometimes if we are not careful!

Life may not yield what we expect sometimes if we are not careful!

We talked in this post briefly the previous New Year’s Day about life and many issues/problems/challenges as also opportunities



/occasions it poses/brings in comparison to addition/multiplication that we do in regular mathematical operations.

India and Newzealand cricket schedule announced CC: Vizag, Indore, Kolkata, Mohali, Dharamshala, Kanpur, Ranchi, and Delhi

A tweet from Indian head coach Anil Kumble reveals that final and fifth one day international will be played at Dr. YSR ACA-VDCA International Cricket Stadium on October 29. Visakhapatnam is set to host England in a test match later this year and dates are yet to be finalized and if unconfirmed guesses are to be believed, the venue might become the first to host pink ball test under lights!

What has environment taught us the incredible humans? CC: Industry Inc.

The world environment day on 5th June marked yet another day for the global buzzword environment to attract headlines and become the darling hashtag on social media platforms; industry spoke more on the subject than the lesser harmful street vendors and public in general. UNEP, the environment programme of the United Nations, dedicated this year to put an onus on minimizing illegal trade of wildlife while emphasizing on key areas of improvement, such as, maintenance of balance and harmony in ecological biodiversity and voluntary regulating checks on carbon emissions.