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Bharat Ane Nenu Telugu 2018: Political enigma explained simply!

                                                                          Promise made was necessity of the past                                                                                మాట ఇవ్వటం అప్పటి అవసరం                                                                          Word broken is necessity of the present                                                                               మాట తప్పటం ఇప్పటి అవసరం                                          - Niccolo Machiavelli (called murderous machiavel by William Shakespeare)                                                                                        ‘garibi hathao’    పేదరికాన్ని చంపేద్దాం – Ms. Indira Gandhi, political architect of India’s ambitious nuclear program and credited with disastrous emergency proclamation                                                                                           ‘ache din’                మంచి రోజులు – Mr. Narendra Modi, the chief architect of building Indian skyscrapers using words, an ideal mobile dream developer ‘there is no life without trust; once you start using words to your advantage, you are everything but life’, says Aamani (yes, the Subhalaghnam’s aristocratic wife!) to her son. As a matter of fact, or fiction, any literate in real life – either with a doctorate (Ph.D./D.Sc.) or a master’s program title (M.sc./M.Tech/M.A./MBA/MD/MDS) would have taken above quote from murderous machiavel just as he/she had presumed a delicious ‘garibi hathao’ in 1970s or a soporific ‘ache din’ in 2014. Mahesh Babu (Mr. Bharat Ram) swallows words of her mother to such an extent that they eventually become source of his life – meaningful existence.  This is the theme of the ‘would have been’ blockbuster ‘I, Bharat’ or ‘Bharat Ane Nenu’.

చిరంజీవి చినతమ్ముడి అజ్ఞానవాసి: అజ్ఞాతంలో ఉన్నోళ్లు మూసుకోవడమే బెటరు.

మనుషులు గొర్రెల్లోకి పరకాయప్రవేశం చేస్తే పందులే శాసిస్తాయి. – జార్జి ఆర్వెల్ ‘యానిమల్ ఫార్మ్’ లో మనుషుల్లోని బలహీనతనుద్దేశించి చేసిన రిమార్క్.

Are SACHIN and KOHLI equal? Or Kohli and Sachin are equal, but Kohli is more equal than Sachin, according to Media and Illiterates?

”ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL, BUT SOME ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS”.-Animal Farm (1945) published by George Orwell What’s the discussion about? Is Sachin greater than Bradman? Was Bradman ruthless in his times? Was Richards the fiercest of all in his times? And where does Kohli land? Or precisely, where have the boardroom commentators and illiterates wearing the mask of educated landed Kohli just because he scored plenty on one of the tracks at ADELAIDE OVAL (the other track on the slower side), BELLERIVE OVAL (always better for batsmen), and Indian pitches? Okay, what’s the standard of bowling and how many greats have bowled at his stumps and how many have devised plans using computer graphics? (There’s a legend that Hansie Cronje and Co. used animation to outsmart Sachin). Here comes a piece that breaks spine of ridiculously ignorant and unintentionally absurd think tanks. Where does the answer lie to the second question? Because the first question itself is dependent on the second one. If you say that Sachin is not eligible to become the first ever Indian sportsman to receive BHARAT RATNA, does it mean that Sachin should be awarded BHARAT RATNA after Kapil Dev, Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Dilip Vengsarkar, Sania Mirza, PV Sindhu, Saina Nehwal, Rahul Dravid, VVS Laxman, Sanjay Manjrekar, Sourav Ganguly, Virender Sehwag, Anil Kumble, Virat Kohli, Shikhar Dhawan, Harsha Bhogle are awarded? Or that Sachin should NOT be awarded at all? What’s myth surrounding Sachin’s century and a necessitated defeat? Is the gain of Sachin meant to provide loss to his team? And, what crime did he commit? HE DID NOT PLAY AS PER YOUR EXPECTATIONS. Right? So, how did he play? Where did he play? When did he play? Now, take a look at scenarios, just when he was in the eighth year of playing for his team, and analyse. Steve Waugh, Dhoni, Ponting, all won the world cups before they reached 10 years of playing. Scenario 1: 1996 Wills World Cup, India v West Indies, Roop Singh Stadium, Gwalior, February 21, Wednesday.  India had shown exemplary discipline in containing Caribbean batsmen to shut them down to 173. Chanderpaul and Richie Richardson had tried to build innings who received no support. Srinath had Brian Lara, although the replays showed error of judgement by the on-field umpire. Anil Kumble had struck for India at vital points. India started their innings with Jadeja and Tendulkar but the bowling attack was not an ordinary unit with the likes of Walsh and Ambrose early on with Ian Bishop supporting these lanky pacers in from the other end. Jadeja and Navjyot Sidhu had to go back. Sachin and Azhar built the ship. Sachin had maintained restraint all through his demonstrative knock of 70 off 90 balls and when everything was set for a neat finish Kambli ran him out at around 130. Manoj Prabhakar too left the scene in a manner only he could justify. Of course, India had sailed home.  Scenario 2: 1996 Wills World Cup, India v Australia,…
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This was always on the cards! Indian cricket fans would do well to introspect.

Cheers, Srilanka! You have shown Indian think tank the upcoming picture at Kingsmead in Durban! WAIT, THERE IS NO TEST MATCH AT ST.GEORGE’S PARK IN PORT ELIZABETH OR SPRINGBOK IN BLOEMFONTEIN! TEST MATCHES ARE ONLY THREE IN NUMBER; AS MANY AS THREE T20S ARE SCHEDULED FOR THE SAKE OF ILLITERATE AUDIENCE.    శ్రీలంకని ఓ ఆట ఆడుకుందామనుకున్న బోర్డుకి, విశ్రాంతి తీసుకున్న నెపంతో వేడుక చూద్దామనుకున్న ధోని వారసుడికి లంకేయులు ఈడెన్ గార్డెన్సులోనే చేదు గుళికలు తినిపించారు. దానితో కనీసం మిగతా టెస్టుల్లోనైనా పరువు నిలుపుకుందామనుకున్న భారత్ బోర్డు వ్యూహం కాస్తా పక్కకి జరిగింది. ఈడెన్ గార్డెన్సులో లంక వెలుతురులేమి సాయంతో గట్టెక్కిందన్నది వేరే విషయం. ఇదే తరహా జట్టు చేతిలో ఇంగ్లాండ్ పిచ్ మీద భారత్ దారుణ పరాజయం మూట కట్టుకుందన్న విషయాన్ని సాధారణ ప్రేక్షకుడికి గుర్తు చేయాల్సిన పని లేదు. గుర్తుండాల్సిన పని లేదు. ఆ తరహా ప్రేక్షకులు కేవలం ఆటని వినోదంగానే చూస్తారు. వాళ్లందరికి బ్యాటింగంటే కొన్ని సిక్సులు, బౌండరీలు, అప్పుడప్పుడు రనౌట్లు, బౌలింగ్ అంటే వికెట్లు గిరాటేయడం, ఫీల్డింగ్ అంటే సో-కాల్డ్ గాల్లో క్యాచ్లందుకోవడం. ఇంతకీ ఇంత ఉపోద్ఘాతం ఇచ్చాక గుర్తొచ్చి చచ్చిందా? చాంపియన్సు ట్రోఫీలో!     Indian captain Virat Kohli will have spun the coin at Newlands in Cape Town on the occasion of New Year’s test match of South Africa.    The problem is NOT with the Indian contingent which assembled on Sunday morning at Dharamshala; they looked appalling on a beautiful wicket with plenty of grass. I mean to say this wasn’t something that’s unfamiliar to all those buffs glued to TV. Grass in India was quite a common a sight to all those pundits out there in the middle; I mean to infer, or refer, rather than feel inferior about anything outsmarting any ’ness’ that is suffixed with ‘India’. What do I mean to infer, then? NOT A THING in actuality.  This is what ESPN Cricinfo has to say on the below-par performance shortly after the match concluded. ”Lesser-skilled teams’ best chances of competing are in conditions that skew the balance towards the bowlers – spin or seam. In 26 ODIs in 2017, most of which were played on flat surfaces, Sri Lanka managed to win just four. But in Dharamsala, Sri Lanka’s seamers, led by Suranga Lakmal, used swinging and seaming conditions to rip through a tentative India batting line-up for 112, setting up a seven-wicket rout that also snapped their 12-game losing streak in ODIs. When Lakmal finished with figures of 10-4-13-4 to leave India at 29 for 7, it didn’t look like the innings would last 38.2 overs. But MS Dhoni shepherded the tail with a calculated 65 to prevent India from the ignominy of falling to the lowest ODI total. Even though India started well in the defense, their total was decidedly under-par as Sri Lanka hunted down the target with 29.2 overs to spare. In the fresh mountain air of Dharamsala, Sri Lanka’s opening bowlers, Lakmal and Angelo Mathews, repeatedly hit the perfect length: just fuller than good. On a surface with sufficient but not exaggerated lateral movement, that length becomes even harder to negate. Batsmen are indecisive with their footwork and therefore shot selection. Shikhar Dhawan prefers to dominate bowlers from the outset, particularly with cross-batted strokes. He hung back to Mathews, who angled full deliveries away from his…
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Animal Farm by George Orwell: Nothing gets better than a pig, you human, of course!

George Orwell’s Animal Farm(1945) deals with power struggle among animals. Animals confront among themselves with Soviet and German mindsets for starting their own farm. Animal Farm portends an important picture of socialism, one of the elusive forms of human idealism which dictates electioneering debates of even today’s scientifically advanced age. As a matter of fact, socialistic patterns of thoughts form core of almost all human political outfits and, the way George Orwell takes potshot at human political outfits, which necessitated fundamental equality the road to power and made it a mirage thereafter, is beyond measure. George Orwell opines he tried to fuse political and artistic purpose into one whole in this novel.                 Symbolism/Interpretation and Character analysis of Animal Farm Name and Nature Description Essence Farm buildings Residence of Stalin, Kremlin For sightseeing tours, earlier. Windmill Represents Russian industry Built by the working class Minimus Poetic Pig Writes National Anthems Foxwood Represents England Imperialist, later US’ friend Pinch field Represents Germany Scientifically developed nation Destruction of the Windmill Failure of Five-Year Plan Failure to stick to plans Napoleon Soviet Union Leader STALIN Socialist turned tyrant Old Major Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin Snowball Leon Trotsky Boxer Alexey Stakhanov Hard worker without brain Squealer Pravda /Goebbels Newspaper Media for hiding truth Frederick(human) Represents Adolf Hitler Secret Deals, arrangements Pilkington(human) Capitalist governments of UK Capitalism destroys economies Whymper(human) Capitalist Business with Soviet Jones(human) Former Owner of Farmhouse Lived in luxury, dictator    

ART OF WICKET KEEPING: An ordeal by Ramachandra Guha

ART OF WICKET KEEPING Author: Ramachandra Guha   (Common for all questions) Focus and focus so that he doesn’t miss a run out, a catch, a stumping chance; he needs to master swear words not contained in Oxford’s dictionary to talk down opposition batsmen; score runs at will in One-Days; encourage his bowlers; must not be disturbed by chances of winning/losing game, cheer team mates when crowds make noise in populous cities like Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Sydney, or Mumbai Who is a wicket keeper from Ramachandra Guha’s words? He is a person having concentration of a heart surgeon; reflexes of a fighter pilot; guts of a boxer physical stamina to do three hundred uttakh-bhaitakhs from knee-bending position in ODIs run 100 meters in less than 11 seconds score quickly, some 33 runs in 10 balls or so; so, it’s easy to be prime minister of a coalition government than it’s to become wicket keeper of Indian team Talk down opposition (criticize and tease batsmen to disturb their concentration-Australians’ technique of sledging); Rodney Marsh was a master wicket keeper-he held word record of catching an egg without breaking it mid-way off the bowling of Dennis Lillee; Ian Healy, Kiran More, Syed Kirmani, and Moin Khan redefined ‘art of wicket keeping’. Indian audience got used to judge and condemn but he must not let that suppress his performance

THE GOLD FRAME by R.K.Laxman

Single Question on The Gold Frame – Paragraphs 2,3,4,5,6,8,9 Question on Character of Datta – Paragraphs 2,3,4,6,8,10 Question on Character of Customer – Paragraphs 2,5,6,9,10 Question on work of R.K. Laxman – Paragraphs 1,2,3,4,5,10 1 The title of the essay THE GOLD FRAME is apt as it makes fun of highly opinionated middle class stuck in the medley of status. What faith gets better than faith embossed with gold? This is the theme of the present story written by R.K.Laxman, who was sibling of R.K.Narayan, a talisman of his kind in Indian short stories. 2 THE GOLD FRAME is an essay written by R.K. Laxman. Like in many of his witty novels, R.K. Laxman uses his flair for commentary here as well for visualizing emotions of an ordinary photo frame maker Datta and a customer. Datta turns catastrophic moment into moment of triumph with sheer presence of mind. The essay deals with the way (manner in which) average minds of Indian middle class treat among themselves. As with the title, the Noun ‘’Gold’’ is apt because many middle-class households consider the yellow metal prestigious. Until the day of reckoning turns up, readers get a hint of a win-win situation for both Datta and the customer, but with foolishness of customer Datta holds his nerve for the last laugh. The story is an eye-opener in a sense as people can easily get flummoxed in their pursuit of looking affluent. 3 The story opens up with the unveiling of the character of Datta, owner of The Modern Frameworks, which is an extra-large wooden packing case, decked between a radio repair shop and a drug store. Datta is a silent and a hardworking man who gives laconic answers even to the desirous few.  He immerses himself so deep in work that he doesn’t have sparing time to orderly arrange scattered pieces of cardboard, glue bottles, glass, to name a few, all lying in his vicinity. In such a medley, created by Datta himself, he often loses sight of pencil stub for making marks on card board. Understandably, he searches everywhere around him before shaking his dhoti in the hunt for pencil stub. This, in the words of R.K. Laxman, is the ultimate operation that often shakes the entire shop setting photo frames on walls in motion. 4 Workmanship of Datta as portrayed by R.K. Laxman offers sarcasm, and provides us with a hint where we can relate to Datta in our day-to-day lives; unfurling of dhoti in search of a lost object is a classic example. Description of various photo frames, of Gods, sages, hockey players, all waiting for Datta’s attention is yet another that cuts ice with commoners. His workaholic mind costs him peace of mind as his customer is hell bent on getting a resplendent oval cut mount frame imported from Germany for seventeen rupees. 5 Attitude of the customer as portrayed by R.K. Laxman offers us fun, especially his behaviour to sound like an affluent man. His redundant slip of…
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Model Questions for Modern India for Civils Prelims 2017

           INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT – HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF CONSTITUTION OF INDIA, 1950 Carefully read the items and pick the most suitable option(s) given under each item. More than one option may be chosen against some of the items. 1/3 mark will be deducted for every wrong option from awarded marks.  1. The Indian national movement can be described as an example of the following a. An extremely patient movement with gains and losses for public which could be felt after independence b. An extremely wide movement where public got control of British colonialism slowly and steadily c. A wider movement for existence of diverse political and ideological thoughts which fought one over the other to stake control d. both a and c e. both b and c 2. The Indian national movement launched right platform for a. Shaping up Indian defence b. Shaping up Indian relations with other nations c. Shaping up Indian agriculture d. Shaping up Indian industrial needs e. Shaping up Indian Public sector 3. From the context of Indian freedom struggle, who were conservatives? a. M.R.Jayakar b. Madan Mohan Malaviyar c. Tilak d. Raja Rammohun Roy e. both a and b 4. The Indian national movement was successful because a. British accepted their defeat b. India defeated Britain in the second world war c. Indian culture was so powerful and good that Britain went home for following Indian culture d. None of the above e. Option a may be partially true 5. Bipan Chandra, in his book Indian Struggle for Independence, thought that freedom struggle a. was not according to a scripture of Indian rishis on how to fight war b. was successful in influencing policy makers after 1947 c. unnecessarily motivated Congress to fight for political power after 1947 d. Indian caste system was reputed for bringing false notions of humanity e. None of the above 6. The Indian national movement is an example of a. how the existing constitutional set up can be used to achieve political freedom b. how a group of small provinces can rally around a cause to become a big coherent unit c. how foreign policy and economic ideology can be visualized d. how poor, middle class, rich, and extremists can communicate among themselves for social and political change e. All 7. Gandhian political strategy is relevant to a. impartial functioning of societies in which people follow rule of law for meeting their needs b. internal struggling of societies in which people wait patiently till right time strikes them to launch ideological wars c. fighting of societies in which people fight for food and shelter on equal basis d. channeling common ideological and political causes of societies in which people identify, seek, and empower others in general for bringing down foreign rulers by working within their rules of law e. All 8. Nationalists worked for a. freedom of the Press and civil liberties b. money from British c. development of railways and roads by British d. Nehru and Gandhi…
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Demonetization Move: Is it the smartest and the only way in a smartphone era?

Influence of money on politics in India – demonetization or note bandi Come May 8, 2017, a little after the close of financial year 206-17, six months will have been completed for the buzzword ‘note bandi’; most classes, including industry and labour, will have been done and dusted with assessment of pros and cons of demonetization. By the time an Indian Premier League fan opens lunch carrier tucked inside backpack to refuel for the evening work where he will attend chit fund gatherings to save for expenses of kith and kin, it must occur to him that the time spent on euphoria generated from Prime Minister’s rather inebriated short pitched ball of announcement, which has so far not gone any significant distance with uneven bounce of planning and insufficient carry of reality check, both from points of view of audience beside sight screen (voters) waiting for any blitzkrieg (instant money, solutions for perennial problems) and commentators (intelligentsia who may not necessarily have played the game), thanks to lifeless wicket (social and print media which combinedly propagated the idea of demonetization as an incredible option to curb black money and to stop counterfeit currency on its tracks), is indeed yet another Achilles heel on his brave face. What will have the fan do after returning home? Watch the Indian Premier League drawing parallelism of TV cricket and political cricket. Of course, when Prime Minister himself had to shift gears in redefining the very objectives of ‘note bandi’ amid reports that central bank was in constant know of the impending decision, the case of making the nation cashless or less cashed remains elusive leave alone making the nation corruption-free. The curious case that many fans of demonetization missed is that the government, with finance and revenue officials at its service and intelligence radars at its remote couldn’t locate black money holders in order to have official raids at the very same time the government had announced on November 8, 2016. Who stopped the government from collecting data and striking the corrupt without disturbing the system in place is still unanswered. And why the higher denomination of 2000 when all you needed a cashless or less-cash economy is not answered for it to stand firm against scientific scrutiny of rationale of whole exercise. The recent success of ruling party in Uttar Pradesh has little to do with discussion of black money although it appeared to have minor blow for the party’s prospects in western parts. So, has the demonetization failed? If it has, to what extent can the damage caused be resuscitated? If it has not, to what extent was the restructure successful? Okay, let’s assume the success of demonetization. From the words of announcement made by none other than Prime Minister, shocking withdrawal of legal tender was necessary for the government to keep in check fake currency printed for non-state functionaries like separatist groups and militants across Line of Actual Control. The second objective envisaged was to check growing menace of unaccounted…
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