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Model Questions for Modern India for Civils Prelims 2017


Carefully read the items and pick the most suitable option(s) given under each item. More than one option may be chosen against some of the items. 1/3 mark will be deducted for every wrong option from awarded marks. 

1. The Indian national movement can be described as an example of the following a. An extremely patient movement with gains and losses for public which could be felt after independence b. An extremely wide movement where public got control of British colonialism slowly and steadily c. A wider movement for existence of diverse political and ideological thoughts which fought one over the other to stake control d. both a and c e. both b and c

2. The Indian national movement launched right platform for a. Shaping up Indian defence b. Shaping up Indian relations with other nations c. Shaping up Indian agriculture d. Shaping up Indian industrial needs e. Shaping up Indian Public sector

3. From the context of Indian freedom struggle, who were conservatives? a. M.R.Jayakar b. Madan Mohan Malaviyar c. Tilak d. Raja Rammohun Roy e. both a and b

4. The Indian national movement was successful because a. British accepted their defeat b. India defeated Britain in the second world war c. Indian culture was so powerful and good that Britain went home for following Indian culture d. None of the above e. Option a may be partially true

5. Bipan Chandra, in his book Indian Struggle for Independence, thought that freedom struggle a. was not according to a scripture of Indian rishis on how to fight war b. was successful in influencing policy makers after 1947 c. unnecessarily motivated Congress to fight for political power after 1947 d. Indian caste system was reputed for bringing false notions of humanity e. None of the above

6. The Indian national movement is an example of a. how the existing constitutional set up can be used to achieve political freedom b. how a group of small provinces can rally around a cause to become a big coherent unit c. how foreign policy and economic ideology can be visualized d. how poor, middle class, rich, and extremists can communicate among themselves for social and political change e. All

7. Gandhian political strategy is relevant to a. impartial functioning of societies in which people follow rule of law for meeting their needs b. internal struggling of societies in which people wait patiently till right time strikes them to launch ideological wars c. fighting of societies in which people fight for food and shelter on equal basis d. channeling common ideological and political causes of societies in which people identify, seek, and empower others in general for bringing down foreign rulers by working within their rules of law e. All

8. Nationalists worked for a. freedom of the Press and civil liberties b. money from British c. development of railways and roads by British d. Nehru and Gandhi e. None of the above

9. Indian foreign policy was NOT meant to be a. racial b. imperial c. anti-racial d. anti-imperial e. Hindus versus Muslims before and after independence

10. Indian economy was NOT thought of having a. foreign capital b. raw capital c. private sector d. both a and b  e. none of the above

11. Indian economic planning was a part of a. Regulating Act, 1773 b. Indian rule during 1937-39 c. Pitts India Act, 1784 d. Government of India Act, 1892, and Bengal partition withdrawal in 1912 e. None

12. “British were too good to be thrown out”. Jawaharlal Nehru replied to the feeling generated by British in a. Gandhiji’s words of peace and harmony b. fear of prison and of secret service c. Gandhiji’s determining quiet words: Be not afraid d. British didn’t bath for days and so they must be thrown e. Historians, especially Nehru’s friends, asked India to completely be fooled around to gain intelligence.

13. Article 112 of the constitution of India, 1950, draws parallelism to a. Pitts India Act, 1784 b. Government of India Act, 1935 c. Government of India Act, 1909 d. both b and c e. None

14. India is a nation in the making was a concept of a. Vedas b. Puranas c. Romila Thapar d. Bipan Chandra e. None

15. India’s caste culture is to be accepted according to a. Raja Rammohun Roy and Ishwar Chandra Vidya Sagar b. Jawaharlal Nehru c. Mahatma Gandhi d. Narayana Guru e. Neither c nor d

16. Indians accepted reforms structure to follow a. Western culture b. Puranas c. benefits of Sati in curbing women population d. self-regulation, self-control, and knowledge without bias e. All

17. Who preached “One religion, one caste, one God for mankind”? a. Subhash Chandra Bose b. Adolf Hitler c. James Clerk Maxwell d. Sahadaran Ayyappan e. None

18. Defending indigenous culture during colonial rule occupied most of a. caste b. religion c. language d. art and philosophy e. c and d only

19. “Our position is not that truths are to be found in all religions, but all established religions of the world are true” was a statement of a. Bhagat Singh b. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel c. M.S. Golwalkar d. Jawaharlal Nehru e. Keshub Chandra Sen

20. Who emphasized secular use of religion? a. Ravindranath Tagore and M.S. Golwalkar b. V.D. Savarkar c. Bankim Chandra Chaterjee d. Swami Vivekananda e. both c and d

21. Which of the following is true in the context of freedom struggle? a. Raja Rammohun Roy founded Brahmo Samaj in 1928 b. Akshay Dutt founded Paramahansa Mandali, Prarthana Samaj, and Arya Samaj  c. Guru Nanak founded Kayasth Sabha and Sarin Sabha d. ONLY b, c, and d e. Indian National Congress was a religious organization

22. In the context of Hindu religious practices, Raja Rammohun Roy criticised a. scientific practices of Hindu religion in everything a person does because science and religion should not co-exist b. unscientific ways of day dreaming of puranas, some of which Roy didn’t like to dream c. healthy influence of priests on the minds of people because priests should make people afraid of their knowledge d. Monopoly of scriptural knowledge of priests and misinformation of rituals carried deceptive character e. All except d

Note: Aspirants are suggested to make use of Bipan Chandra and NCERTs on Modern India and the Constitution of India by Durga Das Basu; answer writing should incorporate some of terms mentioned there

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