Indian lower parliamentary house justifies controversial Andhra Re-organization Bill, waits for consent of the upper house

The Indian parliament’s lower house, Lok Sabha, has justified a controversial state reorganization bill after prolonged inconclusive deliberations from the ruling coalition partners of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA), and the principal opposition party, which has been pushing the government to go through the separation of geographical and administrative boundaries of Andhra and Telangana. The term “controversial” here has everything to say as common sense approach makes one wonder why, after giving a thumbs up to the state reorganization bill in the Lok Sabha, the principal opposition party is pressing hard for some alterations in the “voted” bill. As the constitution says, and rightly so, if a bill, finance bill or appropriation bill, is subjected to even minor deviation in Rajya Sabha the bill has to be sent back to Lok Sabha for reconsideration though the changes adopted from the originally passed bill in Lok Sabha are not binding on it. Lok Sabha has thus been given upper hand in matters related to consolidated fund of India and any tax appropriation laws.

Civil services aspirants can see the point here, which is a question at personality test conducted by the commission. The constitutional framework that is live and running today had taken a firm ground that even if Rajya Sabha amends some versions of a money bill under any of the articles 108, 109, 110, 111 and 117 and gets it passed with any quantum of majority it is not mandatory on the part of Lok Sabha to accept the changes adopted by Rajya Sabha and the bill then is sent to President’s assent for gazette notification. The period set for Rajya Sabha for its consent of Lok Sabha approved bill is fourteen days

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24, February 2014. The news is finally clear as the Rajya Sabha didn’t amend AP state reorganization bill 2013 and the bill is pending President’s approval. Andhra Pradesh was the first of its kind reorganizations and it will consist of only thirteen districts with few additions from Khammam -which belongs to Telangana in the present bill – as part of arrangement for Polavaram National Multipurpose project. Andhra Pradesh has been given special state category, subject to the approval by the National Development Council, for starting any important investor-friendly ventures. Meanwhile, it is learnt that the central committee will visit state and identify suitable locations for capital city after verifying government land availability and studying quality of basic civic amenities available and infrastructure required. The second destination after Hyderabad, port city Visakhapatnam holds promise as the future industry destination and Vijayawada-Guntur sets its sight on capital city status.

Being Srinivasa Ramanujan in a lifetime, no? at least one day? …

ScoopLense wishes ardent lovers of Mathematics and logic and reasoning a very happy Mathematic intuition day on the 126th birth anniversary of Math legend and pride of India Srinivasa Ramanujan the number machine. Being born in an inadequate family and imbibed with malnourishment in the initial school days, Ramanujan was always at Mathematics and while this being the case it was natural on his part that he neglected other curricula before coming to terms with them. He lost a scholarship from the University of Madras as a result, and it was around this time Synopsis of elementary results in pure mathematics introduced him to the rarest kind of genial computability.

His ability to experiment with Bernoulli numbers and infinite series notwithstanding his vague idea of proof of a Mathematical theorem took everyone including Prof. Hardy by surprise. Once in hospital when Prof. Hardy, recognized as Ramanujan’s mentor and financial backbone for the Indian’s projects, visited him following illness the professor got amused at the way the mathematical brain worked on seeing Professor’s car plate number 1729. 1729 is the sum of cubes of 1 and 12. The mathematician who was little known beyond mathematics fraternity attracted many European journals, and subsequently became the first Indian ever to enter into the prestigious Royal Society London. Had there been Nobel for Math, he would have been a recipient multiple times. As the saying goes, “simple living and high thinking are characteristics of successful life in human endeavour”, should it not be our mission to guide our children and encourage them to pursue research and development in sciences putting technology services in the waiting room meanwhile?

Analysis of Delhi Assembly Results 2013 .. pragmatism and idealism change in voter’s mindset had say!

Change is imminent when the chips are down. AAP in Delhi against BJPThe emergence of a new party founded by former Indian Revenue Service officer Arvind Kejriwal, who also had a graduating degree from IIT Kharagpur, the first technological institution established post-independence, surprised many protagonists of change who were all along fighting for some reforms at political centre stage. Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) won in 28 out of 70 seats whereas BJP settled for much less than it actually wanted to wrest the government from Delhi chief minister. If the performance of AAP in the recently concluded Assembly elections in the national capital city state are indicators of how citizens go to polling booths to vote in their like-minded parties, we can slowly but steadily say that romance associated with the term “change” could soon become a reality, at least for the time being in urban centres which proudly display Indian extravagance these days.

The tally which read BJP -31, AAP -28, INC -8, and others including BJP rebel and Independents – 3 made the job of Lieutenant Governor complex though it was right on his part to invite single largest party to explore the options of forming a feasible and enduring government. The moral mandate which Arvind had set for his party and possibly others too meant the BJP couldn’t trade some favourable MLAs in its favour. As The Hindu elaborated in its editorial days after BJP declined to form government with Harsh Vardhan openly saying “we’re not going to have any horse-trading just to form government, and will play the role of constructive opposition if AAP gets its government”, that whatever hopes the dentist politician had pinned in forming the government soon had to make way for Kejriwal’s idealism and romanticism with the very meaning of democracy – “of the people, by the people and for the people”.

Winners have their way

The competition for the chief minister job was clearly between the new party, and the BJP, which ironically couldn’t get mandate in its favour despite suggestions from various national channel pre-poll surveys that its Prime ministerial candidate and Gujarat’s favourite chief minister Mr. Narendra Modi is in the reckoning for August 15 celebrations at Red Fort next year. The interesting fact here is that some months ago in Delhi, students thronged the venue of Gujarat’s chief minister’s maiden speech. The chief minister had everything to bat for and everyone supporting him on social media which was never coming down, particularly with growing despondence of urban youth and middle class women touching an all-time high in ten years of Manmohan’s ineffective rule. On the 8th of December, though early trends showed saffron’s resurgence in the closely fought ever elections the city-state witnessed for a long time, it soon became clear that it was everybody’s election. The city’s youth showed tremendous maturity in making it a nip and tuck affair and, the social media trends, millions of status updates on facebook and twitter, and various pre-poll surveys almost got it right when samples indicated shift of allegiance to former bureaucrat’s Common Man Party. The post-poll survey conducted by CNN-IBN predicted a hung with BJP emerging as the single largest party as the party’s favourite supporter – upper classes led by Brahmins – saw a steady erosion of interest if not too immediate and threatening.

Vote difference

AAP in number of seats

BJP in number of seats

Aam Aadmi Party (AAP)

Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)

1-500

2

1

Seats no. 31, 38

Seat no. 44

501-1000

2

0

Seats no. 19, 49

Nil

1001-2000

3

1

Seats no. 13, 23, 26

Seat no. 39

2001-5000

3

7

Seats no. 3, 29, 42

Seats no. 16, 30, 34, 36, 45, 51, 70

5001-10000

5

3

Seats no. 15, 18, 24, 43, 56

Seats no. 17, 33, 37

>10000

7

6

Seats no. 2, 14, 47, 48, 50, 55, 57

Seats no. 4, 6, 7, 9, 29, 64

Total

22

18

—–

——

AAP candidate Jagdeep Singh got a majority of 8876 votes in Hari Nagar (seat no. 28). Here, not surprisingly, Shiromani Akali Dal stood second. BJP Candidates stood first in seat numbers 1 and 52 against Bahujan Samaj Party, and in 35 and 68 against Indian National Lok Dal and Independent respectively.

Vote Difference

BJP in number of seats

INC in number of seats

Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)

Indian National Congress (INC)

1-500

0

0

Nil

Nil

501-1000

0

0

Nil

Nil

1001-2000

0

1

Nil

Seats no. 69

2001-5000

1

0

Seats no. 67

Nil

5001-10000

2

2

Seats no. 32, 59

Seats no. 20, 22

>10000

6

3

Seats no. 11, 46, 53, 60, 62, 66 Seat no. 60 – Harsha Vardhan

Seats no. 5, 61, 65

Total

9

6

—–

——

 

Vote Difference

AAP in number of seats

INC in number of seats

Aam Aadmi Party (AAP)

Indian National Congress (INC)

1-500

0

0

Nil

Nil

501-1000

0

0

Nil

Nil

1001-2000

1

1

Seats no. 41

Seats no. 10

2001-5000

0

0

Nil

Nil

5001-10000

1

0

Seats no. 58

Nil

>10000

3

1

Seats no. 12, 40, 63

Seat no. 40 – Arvind Kejriwal

Seats no. 54

Total

5

2

——

——

 

Copyright ScoopLense™ Calculations are based on Election Commission of India website.

2014 Guardian master classes: 15 January to 5 February on Website building and hosting

Guardian Master Classes has announced a short term yet powerful technology-acquainting programme on web designing and hosting for people of all walks of life. Anyone interested in learning something they haven’t done before, or want to upgrade their web technology information and processing skills, can enroll here.  The fee has been fixed at 399 pounds and close of sale ends on 15 January 2014. HTML 5 is quite popular and is mostly used nowadays for designing mobile apps by advanced developers. Going by cricket: HTML is a cricket player who engages in action with ball and bat, while CSS (style sheets) is the quality and quantity of designs and logos and stylized caps a cricket player puts on.

Guardian is a reputed media firm with over thousands of helpful articles published for fair use and dissemination on its website and is an undisputed world leader in the field of journalism and mass communication. The organization has long ago decided to organize classes for amateurs by its subject matter experts (SMEs) and world class representatives of respective domains in technology, arts, photography, digital media, creative writing in various activities, some of which are life-learning and bread-winning. In this age of too-much information and little-thought-out living standards, courses offered by Guardian, especially on web design and its nuances, undoubtedly count amongst few “must attend” and “must learn something interesting” though courses available on w3 schools is still the top choice for self-learning! Some opportunities come once in a while, some in life’s time, so be optimistic and enthusiastic and aggressively pursue dreams only you share with your internal dream matter expert before someone new knows about your contribution to the world around you. All the best.

Daily yogic aasanas for balanced life

Part I

First things first. Why should we practice yoga at all? Why is that our natural food habits and our usual ways of living are not at their usual best of pre-industrial or pre-1990 era? Life style changes have resulted in Asian men and women, more importantly the south Asians, developing undetected lifestyle disorders – such as inflammatory or irritable bowel syndrome (called IBS), unexplained mouth ulcers, mild hypertension, type I diabetes, gastrointestinal problems, much like never before. The present post deals with what we can do to get better of such psychosomatic and induced disorders. As I again propose, this post is to let those who think and have been clinically confirmed to have developed such vaguely defined illnesses practice yoga and achieve very good results over a period of time. Patients identified with IBS or hypertension must get a qualified physician’s advice before resorting to such self-healing techniques as medication sometimes prove to be counter-indicative with regular release of stress during practice of yogasanas.

Why Hypertension and IBS need immediate attention?

Hypertension, though may not be as generous as others while giving you insights of what’s happening in your arteries and pumping of blood, it’s extremely a dangerous one – a silent killer – if undetected and not assessed properly as some people leading high-end life might be prone to B.P. of nebular causes. And the other mild disorder yet significant cutter of social life, IBS, is a psychosomatic disorder wherein the person thinks he’s having a definite problem with liver and digestive system and that frequent bowel movement or constipation is a prelude, and as a result he/she thinks it would be better to visit bathroom often, which marginally reduces his outwardly activities. In most cases, patients effected with IBS are treated with benzodiazepines and other Beta-blockers. While the persons with such are advised to swallow them as per the prescribed dosage, they must note that they need to cut them gradually before completely taking them off

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their medical kit. As we know already, IBS is not a dangerous disorder by any standards and can be cured with changes in lifestyle, particularly food and exercises meant to regulate peristaltic waves which are responsible for healthy bowel movements.

Let’s see which are the basic asanas.

1. Start – warm up of feet, fingers, legs, and eyes

2. Preliminary – Padmaasan, Siddhaasan, Vajraasan, Shashaankaasan, and Pavana Muktaasan

3. Basic – Sarvaanga, Matsya, Pachimottaanaasan, Artha Matsyendraasan, and

4. Concluder – Shavaasan, considered the most important in yoga by learned men

Shavaasan is not to be taken slightly as it is the aasanas’ pre- and pos- posture because of its extremely helpful and easier pose. Shavaasan can be practiced during any time of the day and slightly coincides with yoga nidra (a personality which awakens even during sleep – remaining conscious of all the time) techniques. So, we can conclude that it is the Shavaasan which is tough to practice to its perfection, presumably after King of all Aasanaas Sheershaasan. Lying oneself in a totally relaxing pose is quite an easier task to do, but doing it by clubbing the mind body (thinking tank) and physical body deserves one’s patience and availability of time. Yes, Shavaasan can be of quick, moderate, and extensive practice of relaxing mind and body. It all depends on how much ease a body needs.

There are counter poses in each of such Aasanaas as we go along. Sarvaanga is countered by Matsya for its ability to expand throat and contract neck region as Sarvaanga aims to contract throat and straighten neck region in order to set things straight involving thyroid gland. There’s absolutely at least one counter Aasana for main Aasanaas. Paschimottaanaasan deals with lower back region and digestive tract.

Stay health conscious with electronic health gadgets…

A quality life always is a blessing. One needs no frequent medical check-ups, no alarm bells for swallowing pills, and no time-table for taking food and going to bed. One can sleep at his/her own usual and at an optional point of time, and what more, there can be no restrictions on the quantum and taste of food he/she relishes. When one is enjoying youthful vigour it appears as though it would continue forever, but only at latter stages of life the going gets tough, especially for women, particularly after giving birth to children. Men too face gradual erosion of quality of life with compounding issues related to job satisfaction and perks, maintaining balance between work place and home, and due to non-uniform sex life. Life goes on well if detected well in advance and taken care of and the problem here is that only one in hundred makes the cut and this, medical scientists and psychologists say, can be attributed to lack of awareness. While cities are at advantage of accommodating time for quality life countrymen are definitely lagging behind their urban populace. This article in parts is interested about letting our fellow citizens know of uses modern health gadgets bring to the table of balance of life.

A little to blabber on ….

The constraints of an easy and refreshing life of an individual are writ large as more number of unidentified medical allergies and incidental disorders are causing blocks to an otherwise healthy world. Developed and developing worlds post-liberalization and industrialization are at the receiving end what with the very methods that gave stimulus to quality of life started sending dangerous signals, some even delivering casualties at exponential rate. The known and unknown parameters responsible for dire consequences certainly appeared to upset the phenomenal growth this planet had achieved but it also accounted for eruption of health consciousness amongst world fraternity. As a result, health and fitness market assumed centre stage due to increased spending with federal government and emerging economies becoming more vigilant like never before in prioritizing their human resources.

What’s worrying us …

Conclaves of various health bodies, attended by nation heads, executives of market, and non-profit organizations raised alarms repeatedly and this was just the beginning towards making this planet a better place. And so the stakes became so high that eventually modern Physics had to be in the thick of things for spreading awareness on vital organ performances and failures in case using modern automation and electronic sciences. Medical specialists and neuro-physicists conjured up to bring simple yet sophisticated electronic health devices as a result for rendering inputs and suggestions to individuals who use them.

Can something change with electronic advancement?

Yes. With internet making inroads and subsequently conventional information processing making way for virtual channel delivery mechanism, it created a business interest among health professionals and electronic manufacturers to efficiently plug the gap and attract consumers who were waiting for quality inputs on health indicators. Now, the digital market is on the surge with even more fitness regimes occupying quality lifestyles. Urban centers are in invariable need of health gadgets through which sub markets are also created.

Applications of modern man and his gadgets – long way to go!

So what are these mobile apps? They help visitors achieve their ends in a short span of time, sometimes in milli seconds, and this extent of help decides sales outcome. Some promotional apps have become even more famous and highly endurable on customer’s user experience than those on sale; the more intuitive and seamless it is with other programs, greater its penetrability.

Today’s world is exquisite from the world the past decade. With computing assuming the role of augmenting experience of millions of users every day, mobiles seem to have set an unquestionable lead over their technology counterparts. What’s the need of the hour, therefore, is a combination of unique talent and application of mind to attract up market (yes, the affluent section of society) and mid-level market for any mobile vendor to successfully penetrate into developing economies such as Brazil, China, Russia, India, and the most promising third world countries. As we know and understand that the premise on which smart phones are getting shape and the precedent they are setting in day-to-day business is unbelievable, we go from here gradually in successive updates (on this post and other discussions) to learn how they get designed, level of expertise required to get the best, and the best apps that serve us today.

As the user experience of interacting with mobile appeared gradually differing with the experience of smoothing over a website, what made developers and industry leaders apply a new outlook here was that an entirely refreshing way of experiencing mobile perfectly should set the tone, and, from there, they were all set to program and drive users – all with their skill set so much so that user came back multiple times. Materialized a differently tuned software program – the resultant named as mobile app – which is given gentle touch to enrich quality of mobile device. The behind-the-scene running program varies with varying platforms on which these mobile devices are hosted.

It all begins with a question set of needs and desires of users cutting across age and public domain. As each device is almost different in enriching miniature computing environment, with some of them even hogging limelight with plaything-like customization, such as Android and iOS, developers need different skill sets to make these apps strike the chord. The fundamental, however, is not to redesign what Apple and Android have already fulfilled.

Position of a Content Writer is decided by written test. Interview is a formality, isn’t it?

Recently, a company interviewed a fresher with BTech degree who wanted to take up content writing as bread winning profession. He got through initial rounds of quizzing, like background information, analytical skill tests, and others before being asked to write on a topic of personal liking and a vaguely perceived topic, “why you should be hired by ____ company”. ScoopLense provides aspirants of content writing who want to make their mark in creative writing and in various fields of electronic-digital and print media with a sample.

I am a passionate self-learner of anything that catches my eye of intrigue. To begin with, I would like to brief you about modus operandi of my work profile in parts.

Work Quality

Content writing is that function which seeks to attract visitors to turn them into potential customers with a business conversion rate of above 1 out of every 10 new visits, and in a way propels Return on Investment on a particular service and/ product, and so a content writer is supposed to act “like a catalyst in a fruitful chemical reaction”. Moderating the words, content writing is the index of online business entity with developing and designing being the backbone of the entity. It is needless to say then, that work flow of content writer regularly needs shift towards growth in unexplored areas for maintaining diversity. Diversity in research methods augments work quality which is essential in bringing more number of visitors. Content writing is a unique skill that needs a consistent blend of thinking at proper pace and finding words to express a particular product or a service of client at hand. This characteristic is always significant feature of my writing!

Passion for writing

When businesses self-transform into e-commerce sites the most prominent feature that takes them through is effective marketing strategy, of which content is a major driving force. A new visitor to the site, either through organic search of targeted keywords or a random Pay per click route on a third party site, tends to look for something informative and a single click of mouse eventually seals fate of the work of content writer and with it the efforts of business. This is where aptitude of content writer is so crucial and the expressive vocabulary of content remains timely and stays ahead of technical jargon. Passion for writing minimizes redundancy of words which is invariably necessary in bringing clarity to what is being said. My writing is never short of passion! As a matter of fact, I prefer writing content in the wee hours of any day.

Urge to excel

If knowledge attained through innovative involvement is eternal, so is pursuit of excellence. The work culture nurtured by creativity and passion for writing advances an individual’s urging, and possibly lead one to experiment further in making inroads and creating chances for creative writing!

Flexibility in writing

I am known among circle of friends and colleagues that I write that which drives home readers. This is quite evident from the fact that I once put forwarded my point of reaching audience in content samples to a client of ______ in ______ and after going through the samples, the client preferred my way of showing up content. But, I prefer writing my own way only when someone is new to online marketing and that he/she is free to extend me freedom without losing originality of business domain. This also suggests that I am ready to work under established leadership with proven track record which has already created patent for success. I am therefore flexible in working with different partnerships!

Birthday wishes to Sir CV Raman … Blue colour of Mediterranean could inspire a Physicist!

Birthday wishes to the legend who challenged Rayleigh on the nature of clear bluish water surface of Mediterranean sea enroute Bombay.

Of course, it was not just visitors worldwide who travelled through the impeccable Mediterranean who were inspired but also some renowned names of science research. This fascination on the globe’s biggest inland sea actually translated into just another modern Physics discovery. The phenomenal Indian would go on to prove scattering of sunlight by liquid molecules after successfully talking about universalization of light effects – sometimes the incident and the scattered light were in different colours – as Raman and KS Krishnan used intense light condensers in Calcutta with only single motive – tap bright sunlight of Calcutta – which is more conducive to experiment with sunlight – the idea of which astounded physicists like JJ Thomson.

And then, Sir CV’s obsession with acoustics related to Tabla, Mridangam, Tambura, Violin, and Indian Veena is believed to have an umbrageous effect on his fundamental research interest. His curiosity earned him the Nobel which he envisaged for his effort even before the Academy formally announced his name.

Sir C.V. Raman moved on to Vizag (under Madras presidency then and in Andhra Pradesh now) when his father worked at Mrs. AVN College in Visakhapatnam as Physics faculty member. Born in a family which had a sense of belonging in modern logic, Sir Raman seemed greatly interested in optics from the early childhood. His association with Osmania University Science departments in Nizam’s Hyderabad and his rapport with the majestic IISc, where he lured Max Born to the Bangalore based India’s only credible academic and research centre during Hitler period suggests to us that he was a team player and a leader.

Bottom Line: Learn anything. Properly. Even if that takes you life time and costs your youthful vigour. Make something out of it. Be useful to society somehow. Even that usefulness accounts for something that breaks slightest of dogma.

Freedom struggle had a vision for a nation in the making called “India”

The country woke up to a fine Friday dawn after the formalities of handing over power with the Imperialist regime went off smoothly. The international elite hailed Indian victory as they believed the Indian resurgence showed what discipline and commitment to achieve noble vision within the constitutional framework would yield – the talked about self-respect and associated self-rule – to other societies living in pathetic conditions of slavery. The Lapse of British Paramountcy ended up bringing some causalities to the self-to-be-declared Indian Republic ambitions, though it seemed India would need kind of administrative guidance from its masters for some more time. There were open discussions as to what would have happened to Indian strategists of development had British stayed back in New Delhi. Probably more damage to Indian aspirations of securing Kashmir as an Indian owned subsidiary, sabotage to reservation plans of vaguely defined backward classes by Ambedkar, who was a victim of unimaginable oppression by upper castes of Vedic land, but who steered himself by steadfast notion of overcoming shortcomings of his birth-based caste and its societal ailments; probably British would have given Kashmir to Muslim League on the lines of partition of Bengal and would have designed a better administrative way of accommodating those sections with a developmental plan.

Indian National Flag that appears today had undergone changes, and the country had undergone significant surgeries to appear as it stands today, both to its society and international diaspora.

Indian National Flag that appears today had undergone changes from initial design, and the country had undergone significant surgeries to appear as it stands today, both to its society and international diaspora.

The educated middle class renounced its chaotic imagination of post-education life that stagnated its walk of life, for a fair return of employment and creature comforts. Society was more like religious entities. They played major role in bringing rural uneducated youth towards common rallying point against British. For many, Raja Rammohun Roy and Ishwar Chandra Vidya Sagar were sources of inspiration for rattling the social superstitions as this inward treatment was necessary for social reformers to cleanse religious structural flaws. Bipan Chandra’s famous “India’s Struggle for Independence” from Penguin Books even expresses doubts as to what would have happened to Indian society, dominated by Muslims for most part in the modern era, had sepoy revolt in 1857 succeeded; the book further narrates how various stances of nationalist congress leaders, socialism, moderatism, secularism, and secularism-socialism, had contributed in formulating Indian foreign policy with “anti-imperialist and anti-racial” outlook even as successive GGs tried to picturise freedom struggle as “sole interest of the upper class Indians” to secure business and self-striving interests (which was overtaken by extremism for some period – whenever a successful British operation to foil Indian designs of Home Rule occured, and some Hindu fundamentalists tried to hijack the national freedom movement in the meanwhile with little success, in stirring up religious sentiments for achieving educated and interested elite support).

Nowadays, with agile technology at hand and with a surge in rational mindset, even more number of doubts are being expressed. An average class academician wonders if India is better in maintaining celebrated democracy or it has crashed to take its citizens to dismay and non-reasoned aggression as is evident from the growing demands for secession within integrated princely territories due to growing number of administrative and political mishaps and unexplained faults. The service sector led growth numbers sliding with the retrograding external financial system equally squared by domestic manufacturing fallout appears number one weakness of decision making at the central administration, and even fragile and lackluster implementation of objectives at the grass root level led by bureaucracy.

The poor celebrated the day even without knowing what it exactly had in store for them, and they were unsure of the then power player’s plans to lift them of their misery. The present case with poor is, not how or why they are poor, and remain poor for most part of their lives, but the costly mess of the issue of poverty by the successive NSSO (National Sample Survey Organization) methods. Weekly and monthly samples prove the fact that still major urban and rural populace is under poor belt which could afford barely one full meal a day notwithstanding subsidies and schemes meant to address the problem being pushed forward since the ruling United Progressive Alliance assumed charge on 22 May, 2004. National Rural Employment Guarantee named after Gandhi, many psephologists believe, was the trump card for the Congress-led alliance in 2009 May general elections.