Can India make its dream run count against South Africa on bouncy tracks?

Can India win the test series slated to begin on Friday? Can India draw level the series with face-saving performances? Can India break the back of Proteas who showed Indians door in Mumbai in 2015 ODI series? Answers will slowly emanate.

If, by any chance, you have missed this write up on India and its batting woes, here is the link to India in Australia 2014-15.

08, January 2018. Oh, yeah. The first answer arrived at the unbelievable moment, when for most Indian illiterates  educated with B.Techs and M.Techs and working in PAN-India companies in night shifts it was ‘happy lunch’ hour time. When they descended already the result was there for the taking. Who will take the reality?

Harsha Bhogle shied away from discussing the most fanatical of failures from an Indian context -  the utter flop shop of India’s Sachin successor Virat Kohli. Media houses like Times Of India and the mother of all analyses – the editorial column either in sports or general section of The Hindu didn’t feel it was necessary to educate the toppers of Indian cricket analysis flying back and forth on ESPNCRICINFO and CRICBUZZ making ridiculous comparisons and treating the game like they do in appraisal meetings which seldom contain any stuff beyond frivolities for munching.

The first one, of course, was that of his dismal surrender in the Semi final at SCG against a side which was not quite the side it was under Steve Waugh, the arguable invincible, and under Ponting, the arguable better. As usual, the Indian bowling under MS Dhoni’s stewardship lacked intent to perform on a momentous day. What’s more, they conceded 27 runs to Mitchell Johnson, a bowler who played second fiddle to quality toppers in McGrath, Gillespie, Lee, and even Bracken at times. Douglas Bollinger too played a similar role as that of Mitch. What could have been a score of 300, which might have been a par score considering home advantage for Aussies, suddenly scaled up a bit, eventually making the notion of chasing under lights and that too in a semi final a tough call for the batsmen, whose ranks were without quality of VVS Laxman (why VVS? it’s against Australia!) and Sachin Tendulkar (did he perform when it mattered against McGrath and co. in 1999 Super Six and 2003 Final? no, his quality matters!).

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Are SACHIN and KOHLI equal? Or Kohli and Sachin are equal, but Kohli is more equal than Sachin, according to Media and Illiterates?

”ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL, BUT SOME ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS”.-Animal Farm (1945) published by George Orwell

What’s the discussion about? Is Sachin greater than Bradman? Was Bradman ruthless in his times? Was Richards the fiercest of all in his times? And where does Kohli land? Or precisely, where have the boardroom commentators and illiterates wearing the mask of educated landed Kohli just because he scored plenty on one of the tracks at ADELAIDE OVAL (the other track on the slower side), BELLERIVE OVAL (always better for batsmen), and Indian pitches? Okay, what’s the standard of bowling and how many greats have bowled at his stumps and how many have devised plans using computer graphics? (There’s a legend that Hansie Cronje and Co. used animation to outsmart Sachin). Here comes a piece that breaks spine of ridiculously ignorant and unintentionally absurd think tanks.

Where does the answer lie to the second question? Because the first question itself is dependent on the second one.

If you say that Sachin is not eligible to become the first ever Indian sportsman to receive BHARAT RATNA, does it mean that Sachin should be awarded BHARAT RATNA after Kapil Dev, Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Dilip Vengsarkar, Sania Mirza, PV Sindhu, Saina Nehwal, Rahul Dravid, VVS Laxman, Sanjay Manjrekar, Sourav Ganguly, Virender Sehwag, Anil Kumble, Virat Kohli, Shikhar Dhawan, Harsha Bhogle are awarded? Or that Sachin should NOT be awarded at all? What’s myth surrounding Sachin’s century and a necessitated defeat? Is the gain of Sachin meant to provide loss to his team?

And, what crime did he commit? HE DID NOT PLAY AS PER YOUR EXPECTATIONS.

Right? So, how did he play?

Where did he play? When did he play?

Now, take a look at scenarios, just when he was in the eighth year of playing for his team, and analyse. Steve Waugh, Dhoni, Ponting, all won the world cups before they reached 10 years of playing.

Scenario 1: 1996 Wills World Cup, India v West Indies, Roop Singh Stadium, Gwalior, February 21, Wednesday. 

  1. India had shown exemplary discipline in containing Caribbean batsmen to shut them down to 173. Chanderpaul and Richie Richardson had tried to build innings who received no support. Srinath had Brian Lara, although the replays showed error of judgement by the on-field umpire. Anil Kumble had struck for India at vital points.
  2. India started their innings with Jadeja and Tendulkar but the bowling attack was not an ordinary unit with the likes of Walsh and Ambrose early on with Ian Bishop supporting these lanky pacers in from the other end. Jadeja and Navjyot Sidhu had to go back. Sachin and Azhar built the ship.
  3. Sachin had maintained restraint all through his demonstrative knock of 70 off 90 balls and when everything was set for a neat finish Kambli ran him out at around 130. Manoj Prabhakar too left the scene in a manner only he could justify. Of course, India had sailed home.

 Scenario 2: 1996 Wills World Cup, India v Australia, Wankhade, Bombay, February 27, Tuesday.

 Mark Taylor had won the toss and chosen to bat first in the first ever day-night ODI at The Wankhede.

  1. Taylor and Mark Waugh had put on 100 runs for the first wicket.
  2. India contained other batsmen with spin and some good fielding. Australia ended at 258.
  3. Indians were required to pace their innings brilliantly against the quality bowling that had best swing bowler of times Damien Fleming and emerging bowling sensation Glenn McGrath.
  4. India had tough time dealing with the problem of opening pair. They entrusted this task to Jadeja and Tendulkar.
  5. Jadeja and Kambli got out in quick succession. Score was below 10 for the loss of two wickets at a time when all they needed was crucial partnerships.
  6. Out of 150 runs scored by India, his score of 90 was the highlight where he had dented the confidence of emerging Glenn McGrath and Fleming.
  7. Nayan Mongia had shown the promise but he was never confident of going for big shots. The reason: Manoj Prabhakar’s dramatic run out. This was vital. India were 150 at that stage.
  8. In the end, India lost by 16 runs. Fleming was the Man of the Match.

 Scenario 3: 1996 Wills World Cup, India v Sri Lanka, Ferozshah Kotla Grounds, Delhi, March 2, Saturday.

 Ranatunga asked India to bat first in the misty conditions in Delhi. Chaminda Vaas had bowled brilliantly with 3 maiden overs.

  1. The pace of Indian innings was too slow and it was evident from the fact that the score was only 99 at 24th over.
  2. Sachin and Azhar built the innings; Azhard scored 70 plus and Sachin scored 137 and got out in the 50th over.
  3. Srilankan openers Kaluwitharane and Jayasuriya started off the innings and scored 42 runs in the first three overs.
  4. Sachin and Anil Kumble brought us back into the game with their bowling, but then there was always the shortage of a potential bowler who could set up a game for us. He, along with Kumble at the other end, tightened Lankan batsmen. Finally, Srilanka defeated India chasing 271!

 If you verify the above cases, India banked on Sachin mostly and he delivered when it mattered.

a.  It would be harsh on our part to ask him to bat through full fifty overs in the game against AUSTRALIA when all he needed to do was to attack McGrath and torment Warne and Fleming. He DID THAT.

b.  In the game against WEST INDIES, he was out because of a poor call from Vinod Kambli. Here too, he had delivered when it MATTERED.

c.  In the game against SRILANKA too he had stayed there till those 49.2 overs.

d.  India had won the game against WEST INDIES when he made 70.

e.  India lost to AUSTRALIA and SRILANKA when he made 90 and 137 respectively.

f.  The fact was that India had depended on Sachin most of the time with few silver linings from the other players.

g.  What is more, is that he helped India with his leg break and off break bowling!


This is what TIME magazine had to say about Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar on the eve of his retirement:

 “When Sachin Tendulkar travelled to Pakistan to face one of the finest bowling attacks ever assembled in cricket, Michael Schumacher was yet to race an F1 car, Lance Armstrong had never been to the Tour de France, Diego Maradona was still the captain of a world champion Argentina team, (and) Pete Sampras had never won a Grand Slam. When Tendulkar embarked on a glorious career taming Imran and company, Roger Federer was a name unheard of; Lionel Messi was in his nappies, Usain Bolt was an unknown kid in the Jamaican backwaters. The Berlin Wall was still intact; USSR was one big, big country.

It seems while Time was having his toll on every individual on the face of this planet, he excused one man. Time stands frozen in front of Sachin Tendulkar. We have had champions, we have had legends, but we have never had another Sachin Tendulkar and we never will.”

So, do you think Sachin had paid Time magazine a bribe for a fair return of write-up on his career? Had TIME eulogized Sachin a bit more in Tendulkar’s country? Was it Sachin’s fault to receive BHARAT RATNA award when government conferred upon him? Okay, for the sake of argument, we are free to say whatever we are compelled to think in a manner only we could (deeply stabilized by instability and freedom to embrace ignorance).

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This was always on the cards! Indian cricket fans would do well to introspect.

Cheers, Srilanka! You have shown Indian think tank the upcoming picture at Kingsmead in Durban!


శ్రీలంకని ఓ ఆట ఆడుకుందామనుకున్న బోర్డుకి, విశ్రాంతి తీసుకున్న నెపంతో వేడుక చూద్దామనుకున్న ధోని వారసుడికి లంకేయులు ఈడెన్ గార్డెన్సులోనే చేదు గుళికలు తినిపించారు. దానితో కనీసం మిగతా టెస్టుల్లోనైనా పరువు నిలుపుకుందామనుకున్న భారత్ బోర్డు వ్యూహం కాస్తా పక్కకి జరిగింది. ఈడెన్ గార్డెన్సులో లంక వెలుతురులేమి సాయంతో గట్టెక్కిందన్నది వేరే విషయం. ఇదే తరహా జట్టు చేతిలో ఇంగ్లాండ్ పిచ్ మీద భారత్ దారుణ పరాజయం మూట కట్టుకుందన్న విషయాన్ని సాధారణ ప్రేక్షకుడికి గుర్తు చేయాల్సిన పని లేదు. గుర్తుండాల్సిన పని లేదు. ఆ తరహా ప్రేక్షకులు కేవలం ఆటని వినోదంగానే చూస్తారు. వాళ్లందరికి బ్యాటింగంటే కొన్ని సిక్సులు, బౌండరీలు, అప్పుడప్పుడు రనౌట్లు, బౌలింగ్ అంటే వికెట్లు గిరాటేయడం, ఫీల్డింగ్ అంటే సో-కాల్డ్ గాల్లో క్యాచ్లందుకోవడం. ఇంతకీ ఇంత ఉపోద్ఘాతం ఇచ్చాక గుర్తొచ్చి చచ్చిందా? చాంపియన్సు ట్రోఫీలో!    

Indian captain Virat Kohli will have spun the coin at Newlands in Cape Town on the occasion of New Year’s test match of South Africa.   

The problem is NOT with the Indian contingent which assembled on Sunday morning at Dharamshala; they looked appalling on a beautiful wicket with plenty of grass. I mean to say this wasn’t something that’s unfamiliar to all those buffs glued to TV. Grass in India was quite a common a sight to all those pundits out there in the middle; I mean to infer, or refer, rather than feel inferior about anything outsmarting any ’ness’ that is suffixed with ‘India’. What do I mean to infer, then? NOT A THING in actuality. 

This is what ESPN Cricinfo has to say on the below-par performance shortly after the match concluded.

”Lesser-skilled teams’ best chances of competing are in conditions that skew the balance towards the bowlers – spin or seam. In 26 ODIs in 2017, most of which were played on flat surfaces, Sri Lanka managed to win just four. But in Dharamsala, Sri Lanka’s seamers, led by Suranga Lakmal, used swinging and seaming conditions to rip through a tentative India batting line-up for 112, setting up a seven-wicket rout that also snapped their 12-game losing streak in ODIs. When Lakmal finished with figures of 10-4-13-4 to leave India at 29 for 7, it didn’t look like the innings would last 38.2 overs. But MS Dhoni shepherded the tail with a calculated 65 to prevent India from the ignominy of falling to the lowest ODI total. Even though India started well in the defense, their total was decidedly under-par as Sri Lanka hunted down the target with 29.2 overs to spare.

In the fresh mountain air of Dharamsala, Sri Lanka’s opening bowlers, Lakmal and Angelo Mathews, repeatedly hit the perfect length: just fuller than good. On a surface with sufficient but not exaggerated lateral movement, that length becomes even harder to negate. Batsmen are indecisive with their footwork and therefore shot selection.

Shikhar Dhawan prefers to dominate bowlers from the outset, particularly with cross-batted strokes. He hung back to Mathews, who angled full deliveries away from his leaden-footed drives. Then, Mathews swerved one back into Dhawan to beat his inside edge, striking him in front of middle. Sri Lanka had umpire Simon Fry’s not-out decision overturned on review to complete the perfect one-two play. Of late, Dhoni often consumes too many balls while starting his innings, but India’s dire situation fit his template today. He charged down off his first ball, displaying an intent and a clear plan to negate the swing that no other batsman had.

One of Dhoni’s biggest – and well-documented – assets is his productivity with the tail. In Kuldeep Yadav’s company, he chose only the errant deliveries to score. He used his typical bottom-hand power to place the ball particularly into gaps through cover, midwicket and backward square leg. He eventually sliced a lofted drive off Thisara Perera to be last man out, not before making close to 60% of India’s runs from No. 6. With India’s opening bowlers also generating appreciable seam movement both ways, it seemed like Dhoni had carried India not too far away from a fighting score.”

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Animal Farm by George Orwell: Nothing gets better than a pig, you human, of course!

George Orwell’s Animal Farm(1945) deals with power struggle among animals. Animals confront among themselves with Soviet and German mindsets for starting their own farm. Animal Farm portends an important picture of socialism, one of the elusive forms of human idealism which dictates electioneering debates of even today’s scientifically advanced age. As a matter of fact, socialistic patterns of thoughts form core of almost all human political outfits and, the way George Orwell takes potshot at human political outfits, which necessitated fundamental equality the road to power and made it a mirage thereafter, is beyond measure. George Orwell opines he tried to fuse political and artistic purpose into one whole in this novel.

                Symbolism/Interpretation and Character analysis of Animal Farm

Name and Nature



Farm buildings

Residence of Stalin, Kremlin

For sightseeing tours, earlier.


Represents Russian industry

Built by the working class


Poetic Pig

Writes National Anthems


Represents England

Imperialist, later US’ friend

Pinch field

Represents Germany

Scientifically developed nation

Destruction of the Windmill

Failure of Five-Year Plan

Failure to stick to plans


Soviet Union Leader STALIN

Socialist turned tyrant

Old Major

Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin


Leon Trotsky


Alexey Stakhanov

Hard worker without brain


Pravda /Goebbels Newspaper

Media for hiding truth


Represents Adolf Hitler

Secret Deals, arrangements


Capitalist governments of UK

Capitalism destroys economies



Business with Soviet


Former Owner of Farmhouse

Lived in luxury, dictator



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ART OF WICKET KEEPING: An ordeal by Ramachandra Guha



Ramachandra Guha


(Common for all questions)

Focus and focus so that he doesn’t miss a run out, a catch, a stumping chance; he needs to master swear words not contained in Oxford’s dictionary to talk down opposition batsmen; score runs at will in One-Days; encourage his bowlers; must not be disturbed by chances of winning/losing game, cheer team mates when crowds make noise in populous cities like Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Sydney, or Mumbai

Who is a wicket keeper from Ramachandra Guha’s words?

He is a person having

  1. concentration of a heart surgeon;
  2. reflexes of a fighter pilot; guts of a boxer
  3. physical stamina to do three hundred uttakh-bhaitakhs from knee-bending position in ODIs
  4. run 100 meters in less than 11 seconds
  5. score quickly, some 33 runs in 10 balls or so; so, it’s easy to be prime minister of a coalition government than it’s to become wicket keeper of Indian team

Talk down opposition (criticize and tease batsmen to disturb their concentration-Australians’ technique of sledging); Rodney Marsh was a master wicket keeper-he held word record of catching an egg without breaking it mid-way off the bowling of Dennis Lillee; Ian Healy, Kiran More, Syed Kirmani, and Moin Khan redefined ‘art of wicket keeping’. Indian audience got used to judge and condemn but he must not let that suppress his performance

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Single Question on The Gold Frame – Paragraphs 2,3,4,5,6,8,9

Question on Character of Datta – Paragraphs 2,3,4,6,8,10

Question on Character of Customer – Paragraphs 2,5,6,9,10

Question on work of R.K. Laxman – Paragraphs 1,2,3,4,5,10

1 The title of the essay THE GOLD FRAME is apt as it makes fun of highly opinionated middle class stuck in the medley of status. What faith gets better than faith embossed with gold? This is the theme of the present story written by R.K.Laxman, who was sibling of R.K.Narayan, a talisman of his kind in Indian short stories.

2 THE GOLD FRAME is an essay written by R.K. Laxman. Like in many of his witty novels, R.K. Laxman uses his flair for commentary here as well for visualizing emotions of an ordinary photo frame maker Datta and a customer. Datta turns catastrophic moment into moment of triumph with sheer presence of mind. The essay deals with the way (manner in which) average minds of Indian middle class treat among themselves. As with the title, the Noun ‘’Gold’’ is apt because many middle-class households consider the yellow metal prestigious. Until the day of reckoning turns up, readers get a hint of a win-win situation for both Datta and the customer, but with foolishness of customer Datta holds his nerve for the last laugh. The story is an eye-opener in a sense as people can easily get flummoxed in their pursuit of looking affluent.

3 The story opens up with the unveiling of the character of Datta, owner of The Modern Frameworks, which is an extra-large wooden packing case, decked between a radio repair shop and a drug store. Datta is a silent and a hardworking man who gives laconic answers even to the desirous few.  He immerses himself so deep in work that he doesn’t have sparing time to orderly arrange scattered pieces of cardboard, glue bottles, glass, to name a few, all lying in his vicinity. In such a medley, created by Datta himself, he often loses sight of pencil stub for making marks on card board. Understandably, he searches everywhere around him before shaking his dhoti in the hunt for pencil stub. This, in the words of R.K. Laxman, is the ultimate operation that often shakes the entire shop setting photo frames on walls in motion.

4 Workmanship of Datta as portrayed by R.K. Laxman offers sarcasm, and provides us with a hint where we can relate to Datta in our day-to-day lives; unfurling of dhoti in search of a lost object is a classic example. Description of various photo frames, of Gods, sages, hockey players, all waiting for Datta’s attention is yet another that cuts ice with commoners. His workaholic mind costs him peace of mind as his customer is hell bent on getting a resplendent oval cut mount frame imported from Germany for seventeen rupees.

5 Attitude of the customer as portrayed by R.K. Laxman offers us fun, especially his behaviour to sound like an affluent man. His redundant slip of tongue as seen from his explicit use of language bordering show off takes Datta by surprise, but he silently goes on doing his work. Visibly upset with Datta for not giving him attention, he tries to cut loose by suspecting The Modern Frameworks’ quality. As Datta decides to unleash the variety of materials and types of frames, he gets baffled at the variety and quality of Datta’s shop. He tries to hide his ignorance by repeatedly uttering the superlative ‘’I want the best’’ without deciding on the material and type of frame. Datta then comes to rescue by laying a trap to the confused customer with the most accepted adjective to Indian middle class ‘’imported’’!

6 The story turns when the customer surprises Datta with a visit to check whether the frame work has been finished. Not knowing how to respond, Datta keeps himself silent and decides to proceed with the order the following day. As usual, he manages to miss his pencil stub and shakes his dhoti apparently misled by false shapes that he mistook for pencil. His usual ultimate operation shakes white enamel paint which lands straight on the face of photograph. Datta unintentionally tries to rub it off only to make the turban on old man’s face a complete mess. R.K. Laxman uses adjective ‘’mutilated’’ as if to mean Datta is on a mission to attack the ‘’sacred’’ photograph brought by the customer!

7 Not knowing how to rescue himself and his shop, Datta offers prayers to seemingly helpful Gods on the walls, who are already awaiting Datta’s timely intervention with respect to their positions on walls.

8 After a series of thoughts of nightmarish consequences, Datta takes the risk no photo frame maker ever took in a bid to mitigate damage. He finds a near-suitable photograph as a substitute, lying as food to cockroaches and silver fish in a box containing a pile of unused photographs. He completes the work well on time to make the frame look like the old man’s, but he is unclear of customer’s judgement of the inadvertent error.

9 The customer reaches Datta’s shop in anticipation of his selected photo frame. Predictably, he doesn’t know of Datta’s manipulation. Datta takes maximum time to reveal the glittering frame work. The customer initially seems visibly pleased at the work of Datta, but as he takes his time analysing the frame work he realizes the shape he liked has been replaced with a square. The customer is so foolish that he doesn’t recognize the photo itself has been substituted.

10 Thus, R.K. Laxman leaves no stone unturned in his pursuit of delivering maximum fun with glittering vocabulary in THE GOLD FRAME. At one end, the author stresses on the need for cultivating common sense while showing respect towards elders. At the other end, the author stresses on the need for taking calculated risks when everything seems to be falling apart.

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Model Questions for Modern India for Civils Prelims 2017


Carefully read the items and pick the most suitable option(s) given under each item. More than one option may be chosen against some of the items. 1/3 mark will be deducted for every wrong option from awarded marks. 

1. The Indian national movement can be described as an example of the following a. An extremely patient movement with gains and losses for public which could be felt after independence b. An extremely wide movement where public got control of British colonialism slowly and steadily c. A wider movement for existence of diverse political and ideological thoughts which fought one over the other to stake control d. both a and c e. both b and c

2. The Indian national movement launched right platform for a. Shaping up Indian defence b. Shaping up Indian relations with other nations c. Shaping up Indian agriculture d. Shaping up Indian industrial needs e. Shaping up Indian Public sector

3. From the context of Indian freedom struggle, who were conservatives? a. M.R.Jayakar b. Madan Mohan Malaviyar c. Tilak d. Raja Rammohun Roy e. both a and b

4. The Indian national movement was successful because a. British accepted their defeat b. India defeated Britain in the second world war c. Indian culture was so powerful and good that Britain went home for following Indian culture d. None of the above e. Option a may be partially true

5. Bipan Chandra, in his book Indian Struggle for Independence, thought that freedom struggle a. was not according to a scripture of Indian rishis on how to fight war b. was successful in influencing policy makers after 1947 c. unnecessarily motivated Congress to fight for political power after 1947 d. Indian caste system was reputed for bringing false notions of humanity e. None of the above

6. The Indian national movement is an example of a. how the existing constitutional set up can be used to achieve political freedom b. how a group of small provinces can rally around a cause to become a big coherent unit c. how foreign policy and economic ideology can be visualized d. how poor, middle class, rich, and extremists can communicate among themselves for social and political change e. All

7. Gandhian political strategy is relevant to a. impartial functioning of societies in which people follow rule of law for meeting their needs b. internal struggling of societies in which people wait patiently till right time strikes them to launch ideological wars c. fighting of societies in which people fight for food and shelter on equal basis d. channeling common ideological and political causes of societies in which people identify, seek, and empower others in general for bringing down foreign rulers by working within their rules of law e. All

8. Nationalists worked for a. freedom of the Press and civil liberties b. money from British c. development of railways and roads by British d. Nehru and Gandhi e. None of the above

9. Indian foreign policy was NOT meant to be a. racial b. imperial c. anti-racial d. anti-imperial e. Hindus versus Muslims before and after independence

10. Indian economy was NOT thought of having a. foreign capital b. raw capital c. private sector d. both a and b  e. none of the above

11. Indian economic planning was a part of a. Regulating Act, 1773 b. Indian rule during 1937-39 c. Pitts India Act, 1784 d. Government of India Act, 1892, and Bengal partition withdrawal in 1912 e. None

12. “British were too good to be thrown out”. Jawaharlal Nehru replied to the feeling generated by British in a. Gandhiji’s words of peace and harmony b. fear of prison and of secret service c. Gandhiji’s determining quiet words: Be not afraid d. British didn’t bath for days and so they must be thrown e. Historians, especially Nehru’s friends, asked India to completely be fooled around to gain intelligence.

13. Article 112 of the constitution of India, 1950, draws parallelism to a. Pitts India Act, 1784 b. Government of India Act, 1935 c. Government of India Act, 1909 d. both b and c e. None

14. India is a nation in the making was a concept of a. Vedas b. Puranas c. Romila Thapar d. Bipan Chandra e. None

15. India’s caste culture is to be accepted according to a. Raja Rammohun Roy and Ishwar Chandra Vidya Sagar b. Jawaharlal Nehru c. Mahatma Gandhi d. Narayana Guru e. Neither c nor d

16. Indians accepted reforms structure to follow a. Western culture b. Puranas c. benefits of Sati in curbing women population d. self-regulation, self-control, and knowledge without bias e. All

17. Who preached “One religion, one caste, one God for mankind”? a. Subhash Chandra Bose b. Adolf Hitler c. James Clerk Maxwell d. Sahadaran Ayyappan e. None

18. Defending indigenous culture during colonial rule occupied most of a. caste b. religion c. language d. art and philosophy e. c and d only

19. “Our position is not that truths are to be found in all religions, but all established religions of the world are true” was a statement of a. Bhagat Singh b. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel c. M.S. Golwalkar d. Jawaharlal Nehru e. Keshub Chandra Sen

20. Who emphasized secular use of religion? a. Ravindranath Tagore and M.S. Golwalkar b. V.D. Savarkar c. Bankim Chandra Chaterjee d. Swami Vivekananda e. both c and d

21. Which of the following is true in the context of freedom struggle? a. Raja Rammohun Roy founded Brahmo Samaj in 1928 b. Akshay Dutt founded Paramahansa Mandali, Prarthana Samaj, and Arya Samaj  c. Guru Nanak founded Kayasth Sabha and Sarin Sabha d. ONLY b, c, and d e. Indian National Congress was a religious organization

22. In the context of Hindu religious practices, Raja Rammohun Roy criticised a. scientific practices of Hindu religion in everything a person does because science and religion should not co-exist b. unscientific ways of day dreaming of puranas, some of which Roy didn’t like to dream c. healthy influence of priests on the minds of people because priests should make people afraid of their knowledge d. Monopoly of scriptural knowledge of priests and misinformation of rituals carried deceptive character e. All except d

Note: Aspirants are suggested to make use of Bipan Chandra and NCERTs on Modern India and the Constitution of India by Durga Das Basu; answer writing should incorporate some of terms mentioned there

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Demonetization Move: Is it the smartest and the only way in a smartphone era?

Influence of money on politics in India – demonetization or note bandi

Come May 8, 2017, a little after the close of financial year 206-17, six months will have been completed for the buzzword ‘note bandi’; most classes, including industry and labour, will have been done and dusted with assessment of pros and cons of demonetization. By the time an Indian Premier League fan opens lunch carrier tucked inside backpack to refuel for the evening work where he will attend chit fund gatherings to save for expenses of kith and kin, it must occur to him that the time spent on euphoria generated from Prime Minister’s rather inebriated short pitched ball of announcement, which has so far not gone any significant distance with uneven bounce of planning and insufficient carry of reality check, both from points of view of audience beside sight screen (voters) waiting for any blitzkrieg (instant money, solutions for perennial problems) and commentators (intelligentsia who may not necessarily have played the game), thanks to lifeless wicket (social and print media which combinedly propagated the idea of demonetization as an incredible option to curb black money and to stop counterfeit currency on its tracks), is indeed yet another Achilles heel on his brave face.

What will have the fan do after returning home? Watch the Indian Premier League drawing parallelism of TV cricket and political cricket. Of course, when Prime Minister himself had to shift gears in redefining the very objectives of ‘note bandi’ amid reports that central bank was in constant know of the impending decision, the case of making the nation cashless or less cashed remains elusive leave alone making the nation corruption-free. The curious case that many fans of demonetization missed is that the government, with finance and revenue officials at its service and intelligence radars at its remote couldn’t locate black money holders in order to have official raids at the very same time the government had announced on November 8, 2016. Who stopped the government from collecting data and striking the corrupt without disturbing the system in place is still unanswered. And why the higher denomination of 2000 when all you needed a cashless or less-cash economy is not answered for it to stand firm against scientific scrutiny of rationale of whole exercise.

The recent success of ruling party in Uttar Pradesh has little to do with discussion of black money although it appeared to have minor blow for the party’s prospects in western parts. So, has the demonetization failed? If it has, to what extent can the damage caused be resuscitated? If it has not, to what extent was the restructure successful? Okay, let’s assume the success of demonetization. From the words of announcement made by none other than Prime Minister, shocking withdrawal of legal tender was necessary for the government to keep in check fake currency printed for non-state functionaries like separatist groups and militants across Line of Actual Control. The second objective envisaged was to check growing menace of unaccounted money. Some rules put in place backfired after which the RBI and the finance ministry had to retreat or in the words of BJP’s sympathisers application of butter was necessary even for a diabetes patient on aching heel for temporary relief so long as he should not eat it. Hefty claims of remonetisation and subsequent suspicious activity in many Jan Dhan accounts surfaced but the tax authorities are still on the way to make any claims whatsoever that appease ordinary citizens.

Imagine there’s a life healing club (government) and there’re its customers (voters; if citizens are not voters, what are they indeed for a political party?) waiting outside to get their services attended, and while they remain in mammoth queues with friendly ignorance duly assisted by irrational phenomena of problem identifying leave alone solving, the healing club which covers with impeccable art of spoofing their needs comes up with a master plan. Cancel their subscriptions and ask them to get medical and financial certificates afresh. They know they can’t heal every ailment, or by percentage of one desperate need of a man. So, what does an intelligent merchant do to save his face when customers approach him?

Fiction assumes great significance for most of the time in India. We don’t need to ask if it’s pastime or productive time. And it works in a family feud, a game of cricket, inside a family kitchen, in a corporate fairy tale of board room, and last but not the least, in a political map to drive citizens toward delusion. Fabrication of myths as realities and money thrust are part of game rule characteristics in Indian political scenario.

The harsh reality is that citizens have become voters based on caste, religion, besides being reduced to be classified as rural and urban classes based on ephemeral patterns of lifestyle. While in the above example, a customer is entitled to have luxury of staging a protest if not return of money and time, in the latter case, a citizen is reduced to become a class of voter duly affixed by state who cannot cough because ‘good day’ syrup may knock at any instant, a sane moment.

Money as medium of exchange to buy and sell goods and to avail services has taken shape of what it is today from barter system, wherein a person in possession of something used it to acquire something that he needed the most from other person who had it as second priority.

Trivia: In the period from 1948 to 1950, our legal exponents of welfare state and nation-state (an upgraded version coined after Greeks disposed of their famous city-state model of administration in which Socrates supported slavery as a facilitator for better means of dialogue amongst elite and middle class societal sections) had envisaged that whatever struggle – physical and psychological – the masses had undergone actually translates into hard work for better industrial growth and reduce lacunae of resources. So, they had adopted elections once after every five years as the fairest possible method and option for electing own representatives for they would engage themselves on research on anthropological and advanced forms of technology and form necessary legislations. The media in those days, largely of government, had little role to expose variety of hidden political agendas – of leftists and rightists. It was only after 1991 under PV Narasimha Rao’s stewardship, did the media assume larger role for growth-seeking Indian elite classes.

Trends changed in the way India elects its government and leadership. BJP started its infamous “India Shining” and “India on the Move” in 2004 and middle class rejected it outright. The major player Congress too started its bandwagon of adverts claiming itself to be the growth engine, and now, it appears in 2017 that with the kind and quantum of support Mr. Modi is seeking from corporate media houses by and large who show little introspection for whatever growth that has taken place in Gujarat and little respect for how 25 plus Indian member states do not share commonality with the largely rich inundated Gujarat populace, the reality has made way for hype and lesser factualism. Had this been envisaged long ago by our eminent theorists of socialism and science, the model of electioneering guaranteed under Articles 324 and 325 would have been different.

It’s not that people who vote for them aren’t aware of this phenomenon – invest first and plunder later on – but sheer reality of their backwardness and ineligibility as pictured by self-claimed stewards of democracy in the name of fourth estate is what hovers hapless voters.

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Answers to English Paper-II and Paper-I of IPE 2017!

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Preparation for Intermediate Public Examinations the smartest way!

New Year’s Day brings with it hopes and an array of new opportunities besides throwing us some light on improvements whichsoever we would not like to miss. Among such stands out the class XI and XII test preparation; we’ll see how to amass scores with littlest changes in an otherwise boring study environment.

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